自然资源学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (1): 95-105.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20200109

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于多准则决策的长江经济带国土空间脆弱性与恢复力研究

张正昱1, 金贵2,3, 郭柏枢1, 董寅4, 陈坤1   

  1. 1. 湖北大学资源环境学院,武汉430062;
    2. 华中师范大学城市与环境科学学院,武汉430079;
    3. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101;
    4. 中国地质大学(武汉)公共管理学院,武汉430074
  • 收稿日期:2019-07-26 修回日期:2019-10-21 出版日期:2020-01-28 发布日期:2020-01-28
  • 通讯作者: 金贵(1986- ),男,江苏邳州人,博士,副教授,研究方向为国土资源评价与国土空间优化管理。E-mail: jingui@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:张正昱(1996- ),男,湖南益阳人,硕士,研究方向为国土空间优化管理。E-mail: zzy_simlab@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(71974070,41501593); 国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFA0602500); 教育部人文社会科学研究基金项目(19YJCZH068)

Research on the spatial vulnerability and resilience of land in the Yangtze River Economic Belt based on multi-criteria decision

ZHANG Zheng-yu1, JIN Gui2,3, GUO Bai-shu1, DONG Yin4, CHEN Kun1   

  1. 1. Faculty of Resources and Environmental Science, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062, China;
    2. College of Urban and Environmental Science, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China;
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    4. School of Public Administration, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
  • Received:2019-07-26 Revised:2019-10-21 Online:2020-01-28 Published:2020-01-28

摘要:

科学评估国土空间脆弱性与恢复力并解释其时空分布特征,能为国土空间开发与保护相关决策提供参考。采用综合指数法和有序加权平均(Ordered Weighted Averaging, OWA)法分别评价和模拟长江经济带市域国土空间脆弱性及国土空间恢复力,并对二者的组合情况进行综合分析。结果表明:(1)2008-2017年间长江经济带国土空间脆弱性指数有明显下降趋势,累计下降率为16.49%,脆弱性指数从西向东逐步下降;(2)长江经济带“生态优先型”“维持现状型”“开发优先型”政策情景下国土空间恢复力分别处于较高(占47.22%)、中等(占35.19%)、低恢复力(占99.07%)水平;(3)长江经济带国土空间以低脆弱性—中等恢复力、低脆弱性—较低恢复力为主导,占30.63%,国土空间整体脆弱性低,恢复力处于较低至中等水平。

关键词: 长江经济带, 国土空间, 脆弱性评价, 恢复力评价, OWA方法

Abstract:

Scientific assessment of spatial vulnerability and resilience and analysis of its spatio-temporal distribution characteristics can provide reference for the decision-making of land spatial development and protection. The comprehensive index assessment method and the Ordered Weighted Averaging (OWA) method are used to evaluate land spatial vulnerability and to simulate the land spatial resilience at the municipal scale in the Yangtze River Economic Belt, respectively. The comprehensive analysis is used to examine the combination characteristics of land saptial vulnerability and resilience. The results showed that: (1) The spatial vulnerability index of land in the study area has a significant downward trend, and the cumulative decline rate is 16.49% from 2008 to 2017. And the spatial vulnerability index gradually decreases from west to east. (2) Under the policy scenarios of "ecological priority", "maintenance status" and "development priority", the spatial resilience of the region is in the higher degree (47.22%), medium degree (35.19%) and low degree (99.07%), respectively. (3) The land in the Yangtze River Economic Belt is dominated by the types of low vulnerability-moderate resilience and low vulnerability-low resilience, accounting for 30.63% of the total land area. The overall vulnerability of land is low, and its resilience is at a low to medium level.

Key words: land space, Ordered Weighted Average method, Yangtze River Economic Belt, resilience evaluation, vulnerability assessment