自然资源学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (12): 2629-2642.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20191212

• 资源评价 • 上一篇    下一篇

不同情景模式下雄安新区的水资源利用效率和节水潜力分析

赵志博1(), 赵领娣1,2(), 王亚薇1, 袁田1   

  1. 1. 中国海洋大学经济学院,青岛 266100
    2. 教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地,中国海洋大学海洋发展研究院,青岛 266100
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-12 修回日期:2019-09-20 出版日期:2019-12-28 发布日期:2019-12-28
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:赵志博(1992- ),女,河北唐山人,博士研究生,研究方向为自然资源与环境经济。E-mail: zhibozhao0728@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71473233)

Analysis of water resources utilization efficiency and water saving potential in Xiong'an New Area under different scenarios

ZHAO Zhi-bo1(), ZHAO Ling-di1,2(), WANG Ya-wei1, YUAN Tian1   

  1. 1. School of Economics, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, Shandong, China
    2. Institute of Marine Development of OUC, Key Research Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences at Universities, Ministry of Education, Qingdao 266100, Shandong, China
  • Received:2019-05-12 Revised:2019-09-20 Online:2019-12-28 Published:2019-12-28

摘要:

雄安新区是千年大计、国家大事,水资源短缺与水体污染成为制约其发展的主要问题。从水资源利用效率及节水潜力视角出发,以深圳发展历程为标杆,结合情景分析与方向性距离函数等模型,展示到2035年不同情景的雄安水资源利用效率及节水潜力发展图景和路径。研究表明:从利用效率看,在基准、起步、建成情景下雄安呈现出由低效率区到较高效率区再到高效率区的变化态势。从节水潜力看,效率改善空间减小、技术落差比增加等表明雄安节水潜力得到充分挖掘。杜绝污水直排、积极发展污水处理技术、优化新区产业结构等是促使水资源利用效率提高的有效手段,是雄安实现绿色生态发展的重要保障。

关键词: 水资源利用效率, 节水潜力, 情景分析法, 方向性距离函数, 雄安新区

Abstract:

Xiong'an New Area is a millennium plan and a national event. Water shortage and water pollution have become the main problems which restrict its development. Different from the existing research on Xiong'an strategic development interpretation and resource profile description, this paper combines with scenario analysis and directional distance function models so as to show the water resources utilization efficiency and water saving potential development landscape and path of different scenarios in 2035 for the first time and it is innovatively based on the development of Shenzhen. The research shows that Xiong'an presents a change from low-efficiency zone to high-efficiency zone to high-efficiency zone in the Business as Usual, Starting Process and Construction Completion scenarios from the perspective of utilization efficiency. From the perspective of water saving potential, the reduction of efficiency improvement space and the increase in metatechnology ratios indicate that water saving potential of Xiong'an has been fully explored. Avoiding direct sewage discharge, developing sewage treatment technology actively and optimizing the industrial structure of the Xiong'an New Area are effective ways to promote the utilization efficiency of water resources, which is also an important guarantee for Xiong'an to realize green ecological development.

Key words: water resources utilization efficiency, water saving potential, scenario analysis method, directional distance function, Xiong'an New Area