自然资源学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (12): 2615-2628.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20191211

• 湿地专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

黄河三角洲柽柳光合作用及树干液流对潜水埋深的响应

任冉冉1,2(), 夏江宝2(), 张淑勇1, 赵自国2, 赵西梅2   

  1. 1. 山东农业大学林学院,泰安 271018
    2. 滨州学院山东省黄河三角洲生态环境重点实验室,滨州 256603
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-27 修回日期:2019-09-04 出版日期:2019-12-28 发布日期:2019-12-28
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:任冉冉(1993- ),女,山东泰安人,硕士,研究方向为生态治理与修复。E-mail: xiaoran2822@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(31770761);山东省重点研发计划项目(2017GSF17104,2017CXGC0316);山东省农业科技资金项目(2019LY006);泰山学者工程专项

Response characteristics of photosynthesis and sap flow parameters in Tamarix chinensis leaves to depth of groundwater table in the Yellow River Delta

REN Ran-ran1,2(), XIA Jiang-bao2(), ZHANG Shu-yong1, ZHAO Zi-guo2, ZHAO Xi-mei2   

  1. 1. College of Forestry, Shandong Agricultural University, Taian 271018, Shandong, China
    2. Shandong Key Laboratory of Eco-environmental Science for Yellow River Delta, Binzhou University, Binzhou 256603, Shandong, China
  • Received:2019-05-27 Revised:2019-09-04 Online:2019-12-28 Published:2019-12-28

摘要:

为揭示黄河三角洲柽柳(Tamarix chinensis)叶片光合作用及耗水特征对潜水埋深的响应规律,明确维持柽柳较高光合效率及适宜生长的潜水埋深,以三年生柽柳苗木为试验材料,模拟设置淡水条件下0 m、0.3 m、0.6 m、0.9 m、1.2 m、1.5 m、1.8 m共7个潜水埋深,测定分析柽柳叶片气体交换参数的光响应过程和树干液流日动态。结果表明:不同潜水埋深可显著改变土壤水分条件,从而影响柽柳的光合作用和耗水性能,柽柳叶片净光合速率、光合光响应参数、水分利用效率以及树干液流速率具有明显的水位响应性。在浅水位(≤0.3 m)导致渍水胁迫和深水位(1.8 m)导致干旱胁迫时,柽柳幼苗光合作用受到较大抑制。柽柳呈现出耐干旱不耐水湿的光合水分适应性,深水位(≥0.6 m)柽柳的光合能力显著高于浅水位(≤0.3 m),在潜水埋深0.9~1.5 m之间柽柳光合能力较强,1.2 m是柽柳生长最适宜的潜水埋深。

关键词: 光合作用, 水分利用效率, 地下水水位, 柽柳, 黄河三角洲

Abstract:

In order to reveal the response of photosynthesis and water consumption characteristics in Tamarix chinensis leaves to the depth of groundwater table, and define the depth of groundwater table to maintain T. chinensis higher photosynthetic efficiency and suitable growth. By taking three-year-old T. chinensis seedlings as experimental materials, a total of 7 submersible depths of groundwater table (0 m, 0.3 m, 0.6 m, 0.9 m, 1.2 m, 1.5 m and 1.8 m) was designed, and the light response processes of gas exchange parameters and the daily dynamics of sap flow in T. chinensis leaves to different depths of groundwater table were analyzed. The results showed that different depths of groundwater table could significantly change the soil moisture condition, and affect the photosynthetic process and water consumption in T. chinensis leaves. The net photosynthetic rate (Pn), photosynthetic response parameters, water use efficiency (WUE) and sap flow rate in T. chinensis leaves had obvious response to the depth of groundwater table. (1) With the depth of groundwater table rising, the Pn, WUE, transpiration rate, and sap flow rate increased first and then decreased, which showed the maximum value at the depth of groundwater table of 1.2 m with relative soil water content of 40.51%. The stomatal conductance, stomatal limit value increased first and then decreased, while the intercellular CO2 concentration was the opposite; From 1.2 m to 1.8 m depth of groundwater table or from 1.2 m to 0 m depth of groundwater table, the photosynthetic decrease was mainly due to the stomatal limitation. (2) With the depth of groundwater table rising, the maximum net photosynthetic rate, light saturation point, and apparent quantum efficiency in T. chinensis leaves increased first and then decreased, reaching the maximum value (21.15 μmol·m-2·s-1, 1513.4 μmol·m-2·s-1, and 0.06 μmol·mol-1, respectively) at the 1.2 m depth of groundwater table, while the light compensation point was the opposite. (3) The 1.2 m depth of groundwater table was the turning point of photosynthesis from stomatal limitation to non-stomatal restriction. The stomatal regulation made T. chinensis maintain high photosynthetic characteristics under drought stress. The conclusion was that the T. chinensis showed photosynthetic water adaptability to drought-tolerant water and moisture, and the 1.2 m depth of groundwater table under freshwater conditions was suitable for the growth of T. chinensis.

Key words: photosynthesis, water use efficiency, groundwater level, Tamarix chinensis, Yellow River Delta