自然资源学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (12): 2491-2503.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20191201

• 资源与战略 •    下一篇

资源型地区自然资源对经济增长影响的实证分析——基于2000-2016年中国重点煤炭城市样本

斯日吉模楞1(), 毛培2   

  1. 1. 内蒙古师范大学经济管理学院,呼和浩特 010022
    2. 中央财经大学经济学院,北京 100081
  • 收稿日期:2019-07-26 修回日期:2019-10-11 出版日期:2019-12-28 发布日期:2019-12-28
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:斯日吉模楞(1989- ),女,内蒙古陈巴尔虎旗人,博士,研究方向为经济结构理论与政策。E-mail: 839296745@qq.com

  • 基金资助:
    河北省科技厅项目(18457622D)

Empirical analysis of the influence of natural resources on regional economic growth: Based on the sample of key coal cities in China from 2000 to 2016

SI Ri-ji-mo-leng1(), MAO Pei2   

  1. 1. School of Economics and Management, Inner Mongolia Normal University, Huhhot 010022, China
    2. School of Economics, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2019-07-26 Revised:2019-10-11 Online:2019-12-28 Published:2019-12-28

摘要:

大多数资源型地区在自然资源开采过程中经济增长长期呈现缓慢现象。如何利用资源优势、摆脱资源瓶颈、实现经济可持续发展是资源型地区面临的关键问题。以2000-2016年我国重点煤炭城市面板数据为样本,探讨资源型地区自然资源影响经济增长的不同途径。结果显示:资源型地区短期受益于“资源红利”,但长期由于容易出现资源产业依赖行为而对其他经济活动和资源依赖产业产生“挤出效应”,影响长期经济增长速度;同时,资源型地区容易表现出依靠物质资本投资实现经济增长的“粗放型增长”特征。本文研究结论丰富了自然资源对经济增长影响机制的探索,对资源型地区如何实现可持续发展也具有一定的实践启示。

关键词: 自然资源, 资源依赖度, 经济增长, 资源型地区

Abstract:

In most resource-based regions, their long-term economic growth is slow during the exploitation of natural resources. How to use resource advantages, get rid of resource bottlenecks, and achieve long-term stable economic development are key issues of the resource-based regions. In view of this, this paper takes the panel data of China's key coal cities from 2000 to 2016 as a sample to explore different ways in which natural resources in resource-based areas affect economic growth. The results show that resource-based regions benefit from the "resource bonus" in the short term. However, due to being prone to resource industry dependence behavior, these regions have a "crowding out effect" on other economic activities and resources and environment, which affects the long-term economic growth rate. At the same time, resource-based regions are likely to exhibit the "extensive growth" characteristics of relying on physical capital investment to achieve economic growth. The conclusions of this paper not only enrich the literature on the impact mechanism of natural resources on economic growth, but also have some practical enlightenment on how to achieve sustainable development in resource-based regions.

Key words: natural resources, resource dependence, economic growth, resource-based region