自然资源学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (11): 2469-2480.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20191117

• 资源利用与管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

华北地下水超采区农户节水灌溉技术认知分析——以河北省张家口市沽源县为例

罗文哲1,2, 蒋艳灵3, 王秀峰4, 刘华先1,2, 陈远生1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049;
    3. 中国城市规划设计研究院,北京 100044;
    4. 沽源县水务局,张家口 076550
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-10 修回日期:2019-08-04 出版日期:2019-11-28 发布日期:2019-11-28
  • 通讯作者: 陈远生(1962- ),男,安徽怀宁人,研究员,研究方向为水资源评价和管理,区域可持续发展。E-mail: chenys@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:罗文哲(1995- ),女,河北张家口人,博士研究生,研究方向为资源管理和水资源评价。E-mail: lwznau@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC0401408)

Farmer cognition on water-saving irrigation technology analysis in groundwater overmining area of North China: A case study of Guyuan county, Zhangjiakou city, Hebei province

LUO Wen-zhe1,2, JIANG Yan-ling3, WANG Xiu-feng4, LIU Hua-xian1,2, CHEN Yuan-sheng1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. China Academy of Urban Planning and Design, Beijing 100044, China;
    4. Guyuan County Water Authority, Zhangjiakou 076550, Hebei, China
  • Received:2019-05-10 Revised:2019-08-04 Online:2019-11-28 Published:2019-11-28

摘要: 目前我国华北地区面临严重的地下水超采问题,在地下水超采综合治理行动方案中明确提出要加强农业节水,调整农业种植结构。农户节水灌溉技术认知与农业节水效果密不可分,本文以河北省张家口市沽源县269份农户调查为样本,采用结构方程模型探索农户节水灌溉技术认知的内在机理。结果显示:农户个人特征、家庭生产特征、政策宣传特征和农户水资源稀缺性认知的路径系数分别为0.186、0.157、0.469和0.200。表明节水灌溉技术补助、培训和参观高效节水示范区对提升农户节水灌溉技术认知的效果显著。因此,在依靠政府技术资金支持的基础上,发现农户节水灌溉技术认知差异,制定完善的节水灌溉技术宣传推广体系,有利于提高华北地区农户采用节水灌溉技术的积极性。

关键词: 地下水超采, 结构方程模型, 节水灌溉技术, 农户认知

Abstract: At present, North China faces serious groundwater overmining problem. In the action plan of comprehensive control of groundwater overmining in North China, it is clearly proposed to strengthen agricultural water saving, and adjust the structure of agricultural planting. Farmers' cognition of water saving irrigation technology is closely related to water saving effect. This paper takes the survey of 269 farmers in Guyuan county, Zhangjiakou city, Hebei province as a sample, uses structural equation model to explore intrinsic mechanism of farmers' cognition of water saving irrigation technology. Results show that, the path of personal characteristics of farmers, characteristics of household production, characteristics of policy advocacy, farmer cognition of water resources scarcity are 0.186, 0.157, 0.469 and 0.200. respectively. It is indicated that water saving irrigation technology subsidy, technical training and visiting high efficiency water saving demonstration area are effective in improving farmers' cognition of water saving irrigation technology. Therefore, on the basis of reliance on government technical financial support, we should find out the farmers' cognition differences in water saving irrigation techniques, and perfect the publicity system of water saving irrigation technology so as to enhance farmers' enthusiasm to use water saving irrigation technology in North China.

Key words: water-saving irrigation technology, groundwater overmining, farmer cognition, structural equation model