自然资源学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (11): 2305-2316.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20191105

• 资源经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国碳排放效率与产业结构升级的耦合度及耦合路径

周迪1, 王雪芹2   

  1. 1. 广东外语外贸大学数学与统计学院,广州 510006;
    2. 广东外语外贸大学信息科学与技术学院,广州 510006
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-03 修回日期:2019-07-11 出版日期:2019-11-28 发布日期:2019-11-28
  • 作者简介:周迪(1988- ),男,湖北鄂州人,博士,讲师,研究方向为区域经济、区域资源配置。E-mail: zhoudi19880101@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    广东省自然科学基金项目(2018A030310044); 全国统计科学研究项目(2017LY55)

Research on coupling degree and coupling path between China's carbon emission efficiency and industrial structure upgrade

ZHOU Di1, WANG Xue-qin2   

  1. 1. School of Mathematics and Statistics, Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, Guangzhou 510006, China;
    2. School of Information Science and Technology, Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, Guangzhou 510006, China
  • Received:2019-04-03 Revised:2019-07-11 Online:2019-11-28 Published:2019-11-28

摘要: 研究碳排放效率与产业结构升级的耦合关系以及耦合路径,对新时代中国的绿色发展以及美丽中国建设具有重要的现实意义。通过包含非期望产出的超效率SBM模型测算碳排放效率,应用扩展的耦合模型考察了中国各省份碳排放效率与产业结构升级的耦合关系,并根据耦合程度和耦合特征对各省份进行多重分类,在分布动态学框架下设计了中国碳排放效率和产业结构升级水平的耦合路径。研究发现:(1)中国碳排放效率和产业结构升级水平的时空格局存在差异,近一半省份的耦合程度介于0.2~0.4之间,处于轻度到中度的失调衰退水平,且近一半省份的耦合特征属于发展度较低、协调度较高的“低水平协调”类型。(2)从地区间的分布动态上看,中国碳排放效率和产业结构升级存在明显的动态不协调,前者固化程度大于后者,区域碳排放效率的“低水平陷阱”现象比区域产业结构升级更严重,故中国应在缓解区域间碳排放效率固化问题的基础上提升各地区碳排放效率与产业结构升级的耦合度。(3)本文设计的碳排放效率与产业结构升级的耦合路径,既能缓解二者在地区之间的动态不协调问题,又能有效提升二者在各地区内部的耦合度。

关键词: 产业结构升级, 耦合路径, 碳排放效率, 耦合度, 固化

Abstract: The study of the coupling relationship and coupling path of carbon emission efficiency and industrial structure upgrade is of great practical significance to the green development of China in the new era and for the construction of a beautiful China. Firstly, the carbon emission efficiency is calculated by the super-efficient SBM model containing undesired output. Then, the coupling degree between the efficiency of regional carbon emission and the industrial structure upgrade is calculated and analyzed by the extended coupling model, and the provinces are divided into multiple layers according to their coupling degrees and coupling characteristics. Finally, the coupling path of the two factors is designed under the framework of dynamic distribution. The research found that: (1) There lies an obvious difference between the spatial and temporal pattern of carbon emission efficiency and high-grade industrial structure level. In terms of their coupling degrees, nearly half of the provinces are between 0.2 and 0.4, which can be considered as moderately and mildly imbalanced recession. Besides, according to the coupling characteristics, nearly half of the provinces belong to the coupling type of "low level coordination" with low development degree and high coordination degree. (2) There is an obvious inconsistency between carbon emission efficiency and the industrial structure upgrade in China from the aspect of reginal dynamic distribution. The former has a severer degree of cure than the latter. Therefore, China should improve the degree of coupling between regional carbon emission efficiency and industrial structure on the basis of mitigating the solidification of interregional carbon emission efficiency. (3) The paper designs the coupling path of carbon emission efficiency and the industrial structure upgrade in China on the basis of the coupling classification diagram, which can not only alleviate the dynamic incoordination of the two factors, but also effectively enhance their coupling degree among regions of China.

Key words: industrial structure upgrade, coupling path, carbon emission efficiency, coupling degree, cure