自然资源学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (10): 2223-2233.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20191017

• 管控与政策 • 上一篇    下一篇

长江经济带国土空间纠错实施机制——以江苏省仪征市和张家港市为例

金志丰1,2,3(), 朱凤武1,3(), 严长清1,3, 沈春竹1,3, 张晓蕾1,3   

  1. 1. 江苏省土地勘测规划院,南京 210017
    2. 武汉大学资源与环境科学学院,武汉 430079
    3. 自然资源部海岸带开发与保护重点实验室,南京 210017
  • 收稿日期:2019-03-21 修回日期:2019-07-17 出版日期:2019-10-28 发布日期:2019-10-28
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:金志丰(1981- ),男,浙江绍兴人,博士研究生,研究方向为土地资源管理。E-mail: zhfjin@whu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41871203)

The implementation mechanism of territorial spatial correction in the Yangtze River Economic Belt: Taking Yizheng city and Zhangjiagang city of Jiangsu province as an example

JIN Zhi-feng1,2,3(), ZHU Feng-wu1,3(), YAN Chang-qing1,3, SHEN Chun-zhu1,3, ZHANG Xiao-lei1,3   

  1. 1. Jiangsu Institute of Land Surveying and Planning, Nanjing 210017, China
    2. School of Resource and Environmental Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
    3. Key Laboratory of Coastal Zone Development and Protection of the Ministry of Natural and Resources, Nanjing 210017, China
  • Received:2019-03-21 Revised:2019-07-17 Online:2019-10-28 Published:2019-10-28

摘要:

国土空间纠错是自然资源管理部门落实“统一行使所有国土空间用途管制职责”的重要手段,是国土空间管控和治理的重要内容。以江苏省仪征市和张家港市为例,探究国土空间错配类型、表现形式及成因,尝试构建国土空间纠错实施机制,以期为长江经济带国土空间用途管制制度构建提供理论和实践参考。研究结果表明:(1)国土空间错配类型主要有:因规划欠合理、规划缺乏、规划冲突引起的错配,城镇、农业、生态三大空间现状用途错配,因劳动力、资本、土地错配及环境规制要求引起的行业错配,因资源过度利用或低效利用引起的强度错配。(2)针对不同错配类型,可从建立“三线”协调机制、构建“全流程、多主体、多路径”分类纠错机制、完善国土空间用途管制制度、建立国土综合整治和生态修复保障机制及动态监管机制等角度入手,构建国土空间纠错机制体系。研究结果可为长江经济带国土空间纠错、国土空间用途管制、国土空间优化提供理论和实践参考。

关键词: 国土空间, 空间错配, 纠错机制, 长江经济带

Abstract:

Territorial spatial correction is an important means for the natural resources management departments to implement the "unified exercise of all territorial spatial control responsibilities" and is an important part of the control and governance. Based on the research on Yizheng city and Zhangjiagang city, this paper clarifies the type and cause of territorial space mismatch in the Yangtze River Economic Belt, and attempts to construct a implementation mechanism which aims to provide theoretical and practical reference for the construction of the national land use control system in the Yangtze River Economic Belt. The main conclusions are as follows: (1) The territorial space mismatch types mainly include: the mismatch due to unreasonable planning, lack of planning, and planning conflicts; the mismatch between urban, agricultural and ecological spaces; the industrial mismatch caused by labor, capital, land mismatch and environmental regulation requirements, the intensity mismatch caused by excessive use or inefficient use of resources. (2) For different types of mismatches, the research attempts to construct a territorial spatial correction mechanism from the following aspects, such as establishing the "three-line" coordination mechanism, building a "full process, multi-agent, multi-path" classification correction mechanism, improving territorial spatial use control system, establishing a comprehensive land improvement and ecological restoration mechanism and dynamic supervision mechanism. The results can provide theoretical and practical reference for the correction of territorial spatial mismatch, the control of land use and the optimization of territorial space in the Yangtze River Economic Belt.

Key words: territorial space, spatial mismatch, correction mechanism, Yangtze River Economic Belt