自然资源学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (10): 2103-2112.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20191007

• 方法与技术 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于共轭角力机制的区域资源环境综合承载力评价模型

黄贤金(), 宋娅娅   

  1. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,南京 210023
  • 收稿日期:2019-06-20 修回日期:2019-08-27 出版日期:2019-10-28 发布日期:2019-10-28
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:黄贤金(1968- ),男,江苏扬中人,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为资源地理与土地利用。E-mail: hxj369@nju.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(17ZDA061);江苏省国土资源科技项目(2010021)

Evaluation model of regional resource and environment comprehensive carrying capacity based on the conjugation-wrestling mechanism

HUANG Xian-jin(), SONG Ya-ya   

  1. School of Geography and Ocean Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2019-06-20 Revised:2019-08-27 Online:2019-10-28 Published:2019-10-28

摘要:

厘清区域资源环境与生产生活要素的相互作用机制,探索区域资源环境承载力的内生机制与评价模型,对支撑国土空间规划编制乃至战略实施具有重要理论和实践意义。基于“压力—状态—响应”模型思路,提出区域资源环境与生产生活要素的“共轭角力”理论机制,将资源环境承载力解构为“支撑力—敏感点”“恢复力—脆弱点”“损害力—临界点”“发展力—平衡点”四对相互作用力,并据此提出集开发建设、环境灾害、资源生态及社会福祉四个维度的DENS评价模型,为科学地揭示资源环境承载力的理论特征提供借鉴。

关键词: 资源环境承载力, 人地地域系统, 共轭角力机制, DENS模型

Abstract:

The resource and environment carrying capacity is the basis for strategy decision-making of regional development, especially the optimization of spatial development strategy. In recent years, it has played a pivotal role in guiding regional sustainable development, land planning, urbanization, post-disaster reconstruction planning, and industrial planning. At the same time, clarifying the interaction mechanism between regional resource-environment and production-living factors is the basis of the evaluation of resource and environment carrying capacity. Based on PSR model, this paper presents the conjugation-wrestling theoretical mechanism of resources-environment and production-living, which divides the carrying capacity into four pairs of interaction forces, i.e., support-sensitive point, recovery-fragile point, destruction-critical point and development-equilibrium point. Then it presents DENS model including four dimensions, namely development, environment and disaster, natural resource and ecology, and social welfare.

Key words: resource and environment carrying capacity, human-land areal system, the conjugate angular force mechanism, DENS model