自然资源学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (10): 2087-2102.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20191006

• 理论与概念 • 上一篇    下一篇

多源数据融合的市县国土空间规划人口城镇化模式——以扬州市为例

朱杰1,2()   

  1. 1. 中规院(北京)规划设计公司,北京 100000
    2. 南京新时代国土空间规划研究院有限公司,南京 210006
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-28 修回日期:2019-07-25 出版日期:2019-10-28 发布日期:2019-10-28
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:朱杰(1982- ),男,江苏扬州人,硕士,高级城市规划师,主要从事区域发展与国土空间规划研究。E-mail: zhujieclark@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41571146)

The model of population urbanization in urban land spatial planning based on multi-source data fusion: A case study of Yangzhou city

ZHU Jie1,2()   

  1. 1. CAUPD Planning and Design Consultants Company, Beijing 100000, China
    2. Nanjing New Era Land and Space Planning Research Institute Company, Nanjing 210006, China
  • Received:2019-04-28 Revised:2019-07-25 Online:2019-10-28 Published:2019-10-28

摘要:

围绕“人、地、财”等新型城镇化三大核心问题,衍生出人口流动的社会、空间、经济属性,构建多源数据融合的人口城镇化概念模型。基于迁移流、位置识别和企业关联网络等方法,展开实证研究。结果表明:(1)区域层面:受落户门槛、家庭权益、社会保障等限制,人口流动比资本流动更为谨慎,也更遵从行政区经济和城镇等级体系。(2)市域层面:城镇化形式主要表现为城市和乡村的直接联系,重点镇辐射和吸纳作用不强。(3)新经济使后发地区弯道超车成为可能。研究发现此概念模型适用性较好,能够合理识别经济社会联系的主体格局,为城镇开发边界划定和国土空间格局优化起到一定的支撑作用,对市县国土空间规划的区域协调研究具有较强的参考价值。

关键词: 人口城镇化, 手机信令, 人口普查, 关联网络, 扬州

Abstract:

Nowadays, with the increasingly coordinated development of regions, the study of population urbanization also urgently needs to be carried out from a broad regional perspective. Focusing on the three core issues of new urbanization, mamely, people, land, and property, the social, spatial, and economic attributes on population mobility are derived. Based on a comparison of the advantages and disadvantages of commonly used data methods in urbanization analysis, this paper constructs a new conceptual model for population urbanization in different scales with multi-source data. Using the census and survey data, mobile phone data, and enterprise registration data, the conceptual model is applied to an empirical study of urban dense areas-Yangzhou city and shows strong applicability, based on migration flow analysis, location identification, and enterprise headquarters-branch network analysis methods. The results show that: (1) At the regional level, due to the factors such as the threshold of settlement, family rights, and social security, population mobility is more cautious than capital flows. And it is compliant with the administrative district economy and urban hierarchy system. (2) At the municipal level, because the central city has greater advantages than the villages and towns, in terms of public service facilities and income levels, the urbanization form is mainly manifested in the direct connection between urban and rural areas, while the radiating and absorbing effects of key towns for population and enterprises are not strong. (3) In the era of ecological civilization, places with beautiful scenery, profound history, and rich cultural heritage are the natural soil for new economy. And the new economy has become a powerful engine for new urbanization in the late-developing areas. Yangzhou has a pleasant ecological environment and profound cultural atmosphere, which is the natural advantage and foundation of developing new types of economy. It needs to develop industrial platform, innovative environment, and innovation system to jointly create a comprehensive advantage of new economic development. Empirical research shows that the conceptual model has good applicability. It can identify the main pattern of economic and social linkages scientifically, reveal the intensive communicating area in town cluster region, and play a supporting role in delimiting urban development boundaries and optimizing the spatial pattern of land. Therefore, this model has a strong reference value for the study of regional coordination of territorial spatial plan at city and county level.

Key words: population urbanization, mobile phone signaling, population census, interlocking network, Yangzhou city