自然资源学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (8): 1708-1719.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20190811

• 资源生态 • 上一篇    下一篇

生猪规模养殖粪污治理行为影响因素分析——基于意愿转化行为视角

赵俊伟1,2(), 姜昊1, 陈永福2, 尹昌斌1()   

  1. 1. 中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所,北京 100081
    2. 中国农业大学经济管理学院,北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-20 修回日期:2019-06-29 出版日期:2019-08-28 发布日期:2019-08-28
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:赵俊伟(1986- ),男,河南许昌人,博士研究生,研究方向为农业经济。E-mail: zjw201211@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(18ZDA048);中国工程院重大咨询项目(2018-XZ-15-04)

Analysis on influencing factors of manure pollution treatment in scale pig breeding: Based on the perspective of willingness-to-behavior transformation

ZHAO Jun-wei1,2(), JIANG Hao1, CHEN Yong-fu2, YIN Chang-bin1()   

  1. 1. Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
    2. College of Economics and Management, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2019-04-20 Revised:2019-06-29 Online:2019-08-28 Published:2019-08-28

摘要:

为促进养殖户积极参与粪污治理,基于意愿转化行为视角,利用吉林、辽宁2省25县的生猪规模养殖户调研数据,通过对样本数据进行分组(无意愿无行为、有意愿无行为、有意愿有行为),运用无序多分类Logistic回归模型从“有无意愿”“有无行为”“意愿转化行为”三个维度综合分析生猪规模养殖粪污治理行为的影响因素。结果显示:养殖户的粪污治理意愿与治理行为之间存在较大差异,意愿与行为的不一致比率达26.8%。影响养殖户粪污治理意愿转化行为的因素主要与养殖规模、粪污消纳地面积、养殖净收益、周边群众舆论、粪污处理技术、粪污处理经济条件、粪污处理相关培训、政府补贴和政府监管等相关性较大,并且对意愿向行为转化具有显著的促进作用,而养殖年限成为养殖户粪污治理意愿转化行为的阻碍因素。

关键词: 生猪规模养殖, 粪污治理, 治理行为, 一致性, 影响因素

Abstract:

In order to promote farmers' active participation in pollution control, based on the perspective of willingness-to-behavior transformation, we used the survey data of pig-scale farmers in 25 counties of Jilin and Liaoning provinces to group the sample data (no willingness or behavior, willingness without behavior, willingness to have behavior). And then, the influencing factors of pig manure disposal behavior in large-scale farming were comprehensively analyzed by using disordered multi-classification Logistic regression model from three dimensions of "willingness or no willingness", "behavior with or without" and "willingness to transform behavior". The results showed that there was a great difference between the willingness and behavior of manure management among farmers, and the inconsistency rate of willingness and behavior was 26.8%. The factors influencing the farmers' willingness to transform the manure disposal behavior are mainly related to the scale of farming, the area of manure disposal area, the net income of farming, the surrounding public opinion, the technology of manure disposal, the economic conditions of manure disposal, the training of manure disposal, government subsidies and government supervision, and have a significant role in promoting the willingness to be transformed into behavior. However, the cultivation years have become an obstacle to the conversion of farmers' willingness to behavior transformation.

Key words: scale pig breeding, manure pollution treatment, treatment behavior, consistency, influencing factor