自然资源学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (8): 1620-1632.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20190805

• 资源经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国资源型城市精明发展与环境质量的耦合关系及响应机制

周宏浩1,2(), 陈晓红1()   

  1. 1. 哈尔滨师范大学地理科学学院,哈尔滨 150025
    2. 东北师范大学地理科学学院,长春 130024
  • 收稿日期:2019-02-21 修回日期:2019-05-11 出版日期:2019-08-28 发布日期:2019-08-28
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:周宏浩(1991- ),男,黑龙江讷河人,博士研究生,研究方向为区域经济与可持续发展。E-mail: zhouhh1208@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    黑龙江省自然科学基金项目(LH2019D008);黑龙江省哲学社会科学研究规划项目(16JBL01);黑龙江经济社会发展重点研究课题(基地专项)(JD2016014);黑龙江省新型智库研究项目(18ZK021);哈尔滨师范大学人文社会科学优秀青年学者支持项目(SYQ2014-06)

Coupling relationship and its response mechanism between smart development and environmental quality in Chinese resource-based cities

ZHOU Hong-hao1,2(), CHEN Xiao-hong1()   

  1. 1. College of Geographical Science, Harbin Normal University, Harbin 150025, China
    2. School of Geography Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
  • Received:2019-02-21 Revised:2019-05-11 Online:2019-08-28 Published:2019-08-28

摘要:

以2003-2015年的中国资源型地级城市为研究对象,利用全局主成分分析、耦合协调模型和面板VAR模型对中国不同类型的资源型城市精明发展与环境质量的耦合关系及交互响应机制进行综合测度。研究发现:(1)资源型城市精明发展水平相对较低,各地区间差异有所减弱;环境质量亟待改善,各地区间差异在波动中有所增加。(2)二者间的耦合协调关系有待提升,耦合协调度由高到低排名依次为成长型、衰退型、再生型和成熟型。(3)不同类型资源型城市的精明发展与环境质量均有自我增强和惯性增长趋势。资源型城市精明发展对环境质量呈现先正后负的作用机制,成熟型资源城市精明发展提升对环境质量具有正向增强机制,而衰退型资源城市环境质量对精明发展、再生型资源城市精明发展对环境质量均呈现先负后正的交替作用机制。未来15期,成熟型和再生型资源城市精明发展将会促进环境质量提升。针对不同类型资源城市提出了差异化的对策与转型发展建议。

关键词: 精明发展, 环境质量, 全局主成分分析, 耦合协调, 面板VAR, 资源型城市

Abstract:

Taking 111 prefecture-level resource-based cities in China from 2003 to 2015 as objects, this paper employed the dynamic principal components analysis to discuss the measurement of smart development and environmental quality and used coupling coordination model and panel VAR model to measure the coupling relationship and its interactive response mechanism between smart development and environmental quality in different types of Chinese resource-based cities. The results show that: (1) The smart development in Chinese resource-based cities has relatively low level, and the differences in its regional areas have been weakened. The environmental quality needs to be improved and its regional differences has widened in fluctuations. (2) The coupling and coordination relationship between smart development and environmental quality needs to be improved. The order of coordination from high to low is growth type, recession type, regeneration type and maturity type. (3) There are self-enhancement effects and inertial development trends in response mechanism between smart development and environmental quality in different types of Chinese resource-based cities. Besides, the smart development in Chinese resource-based cities has a significant negative effect on the environmental quality after a positive effect. And that, the smart development has a significant positive enhancement effect on the environmental quality in mature type of resource-based cities. However, the environmental quality in recession type of resource-based cities has a significant positive effect on the smart development after a negative effect and the smart development in regeneration type of resource-based cities has a significant positive effect on the environmental quality after a negative effect. In the next 15 years, the smart development in regeneration and maturity types of resource-based cities will improve environmental quality. Finally, this paper proposes different strategies and suggestions for transformation progress in different types of Chinese resource-based cities.

Key words: smart development, environmental quality, dynamic principal component analysis, coupling coordination, panel VAR, resource-based cities