自然资源学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (8): 1569-1580.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20190801

• 资源与战略 •    下一篇

中国旅游业基本国情分析

席建超1(), 刘孟浩1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2019-01-20 修回日期:2019-05-10 出版日期:2019-08-28 发布日期:2019-08-28
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:席建超(1972- ),男,河南确山人,研究员,博士生导师,主要从事区域旅游发展规划等研究。E-mail: xijc@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671151);国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFC0506403)

Analysis of basic national conditions of China's tourism industry

XI Jian-chao1(), LIU Meng-hao1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2019-01-20 Revised:2019-05-10 Online:2019-08-28 Published:2019-08-28

摘要:

大众旅游时代,中国旅游业已全面融入国家社会经济体系,仅仅从产业视角来研究现阶段中国旅游业发展是不够的,需要从基本国情和国家战略层面予以重新考量。本文以“旅游三体说”为逻辑起点,加入了假日制度变量约束,构建旅游国情研究的基本理论框架,分析中国旅游业基本国情。研究表明:中国旅游业基本国情表现为“超级国家”的“超级旅游”和旅游业发展的“巨国效应”,这种国情同步要求假日制度设计时间的充分保障和游憩空间的有效供给,才能充分释放旅游业综合价值。中国旅游国情分析为认识中国目前旅游业发展提供了一个基本视角。研究结论不仅对中国社会经济发展和和国家旅游业宏观战略有一定决策参考价值,同时对推动中国旅游地理学学科发展具有重要意义和影响。特别是对于旅游地理学而言,这要求中国旅游地理学研究对象从传统景区或旅游目的地研究向以国土游憩空间选择优化方向进行拓展提升,在这一过程中需重新定位思考不同空间维度“旅游地域系统”基本构成要素、系统结构、特征和演化过程与机理、政策制度设计和配套保障措施,完善新时代旅游地理学研究内容、研究方法、研究范式以及与相关学科关系等,进而全面拓展旅游地理学研究领域,提升其学科价值和社会影响。

关键词: 旅游业, 国情, 分析框架, 旅游地理学

Abstract:

China's tourism industry has been fully integrated into the national strategic system when it comes to the era of "mass tourism". It is not enough to realize tourism from the perspective of industrial development. Tourism industry should be reconsidered on the level of basic national condition and strategy. The research based on the "three bodies" theory in tourism as well as the restriction of holiday pattern, constructed an analysis framework, under which the tourism conditions of China was analyzed: China's tourism is the "super tourism" of a "super country" and the peculiar "great nation effect" of China as a consequence. In order to fully release the comprehensive value of tourism industry, optimization on holiday pattern and enough supply of recreation space is required. The analysis of China's tourism national conditions provides a basic perspective for understanding the development of China's current tourism industry, which not only has a reference value for China's socio-economic development and national tourism strategy, but also has great influence on promoting the development of China's tourism geography discipline. For the development of the discipline, the research objects of China's tourism geography should be expanded from traditional scenic spots and destinations to the selection and optimization of national recreation space. In this process, it is necassary to reposition the components, structure, characteristics, evolution process and mechanism, policy system design and supporting safeguard measures of "tourism regional system" in different spatial dimensions, improve the research content, research methods, research paradigms and related disciplines of tourism geography in the new era, and then comprehensively expand tourism in the field of geographical research, and enhance its academic value and social impact.

Key words: tourism industry, national condition, analysis framework, development direction