自然资源学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (7): 1417-1428.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20190706

• 资源评价 • 上一篇    下一篇

资源枯竭城市转型发展绩效评价及障碍因子诊断——以湖北大冶为例

黄天能1,2, 李江风1, 许进龙3, 廖晓莉1   

  1. 1. 中国地质大学(武汉)公共管理学院,武汉 430074;
    2. 广西财经学院经济与贸易学院,南宁 530003;
    3. 华南理工大学公共管理学院,广州 510641
  • 收稿日期:2019-01-11 出版日期:2019-07-28 发布日期:2019-07-28
  • 通讯作者: 李江风(1957- ),男,湖北武汉人,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为土地利用、资源环境与旅游经济等。E-mail: jfli0524@163.com
  • 作者简介:黄天能(1986- ),男,广西百色人,博士研究生,讲师,研究方向为土地利用与资源经济等。E-mail: 505362152@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71361001); 广西财经学院经济与贸易学院2019年科研课题(2019ZD16); 广西应用经济学一流学科(培育)开放性课题(2018YB07)

The rational assessment of developing transformation and obstacle diagnosis for resources exhausted cities : A case study of Daye, Hubei

HUANG Tian-neng1,2, LI Jiang-feng1, XU Jin-long3, LIAO Xiao-li1   

  1. 1. School of Public Administration of China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China;
    2. Economic and Trade College of Guangxi University of Finance and Economics, Nanning 530003, China;
    3. School of Public Administration of South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510641, China
  • Received:2019-01-11 Online:2019-07-28 Published:2019-07-28

摘要: 转型发展绩效评价及障碍因子诊断,是资源枯竭城市实现可持续发展的重要基础及依据。根据转型发展的内涵,从经济发展、民生改善、资源利用、环境整治、产业转型五个方面构建评价指标体系,采用改进的TOPSIS方法,以湖北大冶市为例,评价2007-2016年转型发展的绩效并诊断障碍因子。结果表明:(1)大冶转型发展取得了显著成效,十年转型发展绩效分值均在0.9以上,总体呈两个阶段:2007-2010年为转型初期,产业接替阶段,发展绩效不稳定,由2007年的0.9976升至2008年的0.9998,2010年下滑至0.9098;2011-2016年为稳定转型发展期,绩效稳步提升,由0.9142升至0.9458。(2)影响大冶转型发展的主要障碍因子排序十年一致,障碍度从强到弱依次为:矿山地质灾害隐患点数量、城镇登记失业率、高技术产业增加值占GDP比例、工业固体废物综合利用率、农村居民人均可支配收入和地方财政一般预算收入。根据评价结果,提出了大冶市今后转型发展的工作建议。

关键词: 绩效评价, 大冶市, 障碍因子, 转型发展

Abstract: The performance evaluation of transformation and the diagnosis of obstacle factors are important basis for sustainable development of resource-exhausted cities. Based on the connotation of transitional development, this paper constructed an evaluation index system from the aspects of economic development, improvement of people's livelihood, resource utilization, environmental remediation and industrial transformation. The improved TOPSIS method was used to evaluate the rationality of transitional development and obstacle factors of Daye city in Hubei province from 2007 to 2016. The results show that: (1) Daye city has made remarkable achievements in transitional development, and the performance evaluation scores of the 10-year transformation are above 0.9 from 2007 to 2016. Two phases are identified, 2007-2010 and 2011-2016. The first stage witnessed the beginning of the transition, and industrial succession, and the performance was unstable, from 0.9976 in 2007 to 0.9998 in 2008, and fell to 0.9098 in 2010. The second stage is a period of stable transformation, and the performance of transitional development was steadily improved, during which evaluation scores increased from 0.9142 to 0.9458. (2) The main obstacle factors affecting the transformation and development of Daye are consistent in the ten years. The order of obstacle degree of factors from strong to weak is: the number of hidden danger points of mine geological disasters, urban registered unemployment rate, the added value of high-tech industry to GDP, and the comprehensive utilization of industrial solid waste, per capita disposable income of rural residents and general budgetary revenue of local finance. Based on the evaluation results, the work proposal for the future transitional development of Daye city was put forward.

Key words: rationality assessment, developing transformation, obstacle factors, Daye