自然资源学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (2): 325-337.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20190209

• 资源生态 • 上一篇    下一篇

长江中游地区生态系统服务价值空间分异及敏感性分析

陈万旭1,2(), 李江风1,2(), 朱丽君1,2   

  1. 1. 中国地质大学(武汉)公共管理学院,武汉 430074
    2. 国土资源部法律评价工程重点实验室,武汉 430074
  • 收稿日期:2018-06-29 修回日期:2018-11-17 出版日期:2019-02-28 发布日期:2019-02-28
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:陈万旭(1989- ),男,河南信阳人,博士研究生,研究方向为资源环境、区域经济。E-mail: cugcwx@sina.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41701629);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(CUG160819);国土资源部法律评价工程重点实验室开放基金项目(CUGFP-1704);国家公益性行业科研专项(201511004-4)

Spatial heterogeneity and sensitivity analysis of ecosystem services value in the Middle Yangtze River region

CHEN Wan-xu1,2(), LI Jiang-feng1,2(), ZHU Li-jun1,2   

  1. 1. School of Public Administration, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Legal Assessment Project, Ministry of Land and Resources, Wuhan 430074, China
  • Received:2018-06-29 Revised:2018-11-17 Online:2019-02-28 Published:2019-02-28
  • Contact: LI Jiang-feng E-mail:cugcwx@sina.com;jfli0524@163.com

摘要:

生态系统功能的不断退化是人类当前面临的一个共同挑战,是全球可持续发展研究的焦点问题。长江中游地区生态环境保护对于构建中国生态安全格局具有重要作用,为了深入分析长江中游地区土地利用活动对生态系统功能的干扰程度,基于长江中游地区生态系统服务价值评价结果,采用土地利用变化生态贡献度和生态系统服务价值敏感性方法进行测度。研究结果表明:(1)研究期间长江中游地区地均生态系统服务价值经历了“先增加后降低”的变化过程,山区地均生态系统服务价值高于平原地区、城市群地区、大城市周边县区以及主要交通道路沿线地区,长江中游地区生态系统服务价值总体变化呈现“两纵三横”的空间分布格局;(2)1995-2015年间退耕还林、还水、还湿是长江中游地区生态系统改善的主要原因,毁林开荒、围湖造田以及建设用地对林地和耕地的占用是长江中游地区生态系统恶化的主要原因;(3)食物生产、原材料生产、气体调节、土壤保持和维持生物多样性等五种类型生态系统功能敏感性有所增加,其他类型生态系统功能敏感性逐渐减弱。研究结果可为长江中游地区生态环境保护,保障生态系统服务各项子功能的持续供给提供科学指导。

关键词: 生态系统服务价值, 空间分异, 敏感性, 长江中游地区

Abstract:

The continuous degradation of ecosystem services is a common challenge facing human-beings, and it is the focus of global sustainable development research. The ecological environmental protection in the Middle Yangtze River region is of great significance to the construction of ecological security pattern in China. In order to deeply analyze the interference degree of land use activities to ecosystem services value (ESV) in the Middle Yangtze River region, it is necessary to evaluate the spatial-temporal distribution of ESV and the sensitivity of ecosystem services to land use change in the study region. Based on the evaluation results of ESV in the Middle Yangtze River region, this paper constructed the ecological contribution model of land use change and ecosystem services sensitivity model. The results showed that: (1) The average ecosystem service value (AESV) in this region in the years of 1995, 2005 and 2015 was 46244.29 yuan/hm2, 46484.08 yuan/hm2, and 46249.254 yuan/hm2, respectively, and the study region experienced a "first increase and then decrease" change process. The counties with higher AESV were mainly located in the mountainous areas; plain areas, urban agglomeration areas, Wuhan, Changsha, and Nanchang, and major traffic routes tended to have lower AESV; the ESV change rate presented a spatial pattern of "two horizontal and three vertical" distribution. (2) The conversion of cultivated land to forest land and cultivated land to water areas during 1995-2015 were the key factors for the improvement of regional ESV, and their ecological contribution degrees were 33.34% and 32.99%, respectively; forest land converted to cultivated land, forest land converted to construction land and cultivated land converted to construction land were important causes that induced the deterioration of the regional ecological environmental quality, and their ecological contribution degrees were 36.21%, 20.26% and 11.98%, respectively. (3) The ecosystem services sensitivity areas were mainly distributed in areas with frequent human activities, 1% increase in the integrated land use dynamics would result in 0.18% and 0.15% fluctuation in ESV in the Middle Yangtze River region during the periods of 1995-2005 and 2005-2015, respectively; the ecological sensitivity of food production, raw material production, gas regulation, soil conservation and maintenance of biological diversity increased, and the sensitivity of other ecosystem function gradually weakened during the two study periods. The results of this study can provide scientific implications for the ecological environmental protection and the continuous supply of various sub-functions of the ecosystem services in the Middle Yangtze River region.

Key words: ecosystem services value, spatial heterogeneity, sensitivity, Middle Yangtze River region