自然资源学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (2): 301-311.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20190207

• 资源生态 • 上一篇    下一篇

经济全球化能够有效抑制“一带一路”沿线国家的生态足迹吗?——来自动态门槛面板模型的经验证据

聂莹1(), 刘清杰2(), 孙素芬1   

  1. 1. 北京市农林科学院农业信息与经济研究所,北京 100097
    2. 北京师范大学新兴市场研究院,北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2018-07-12 修回日期:2018-11-26 出版日期:2019-02-28 发布日期:2019-02-28
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:聂莹(1986- ),女,河南濮阳人,博士,主要从事资源环境经济学与区域经济发展研究。E-mail: nieying0508@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    北京师范大学学科交叉建设项目(B10.1);国家社会科学基金重大项目(14ZDA035);北京市自然科学基金项目(9172009);北京市科技计划项目(Z161100001116071)

Does economic globalization effectively inhibit the ecological footprint of countries along "The Belt and Road"?:Empirical evidence from the dynamic threshold panel model

NIE Ying1(), LIU Qing-jie2(), SUN Su-fen1   

  1. 1. Institute of Agricultural Information and Economics Beijing Academy of Agriulture and Forestry Sciences, Beijing 100097, China
    2. Emerging Markets Institute, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2018-07-12 Revised:2018-11-26 Online:2019-02-28 Published:2019-02-28
  • Contact: LIU Qing-jie E-mail:nieying0508@163.com;liuqingjie@bnu.edu.cn

摘要:

基于1993-2013年“一带一路”沿线55个国家的平行面板数据,运用Hansen动态面板门槛模型,以经济发展水平(人均GDP)为门槛变量,检验经济全球化与生态足迹之间的关系。研究结果表明:在不同的经济门槛范围内,经济全球化对生态足迹存在不同的影响。当经济发展水平小于等于3905美元时,经济全球化水平的提高能够显著降低生态足迹;当经济发展水平超过第一门槛值3905美元时,经济全球化水平对生态足迹的影响从显著抑制转变为促进作用,但是不显著;而当经济发展水平跨越第二门槛值8778美元时,经济全球化水平的提高能够显著刺激生态足迹的提高。当前“一带一路”沿线国家主要集中在第一门槛区间和第三门槛区间,经济全球化对生态足迹的影响出现两极分化态势,其中在第三门槛区间的国家在参与全球化的过程中应对资源的可持续利用引起充分重视,这关系到全球化的可持续发展和“一带一路”建设的顺利推进。

关键词: “一带一路”沿线国家;, 生态足迹, 经济全球化, 动态门槛面板模型

Abstract:

Using the panel threshold model proposed by Hansen, this paper empirically studies the nonlinear relationship between economic globalization and ecological footprint based on panel data of 55 countries along "The Belt and Road" from 1993 to 2013, with economic development level (per capita GDP) as the threshold variable. The results show that there are distinctive relations between economic globalization and ecological footprint divided by thresholds rather than a single linear relationship. In different ranges of thresholds, the influences of economic globalization on ecological footprint are different. When the economic development level is less than per capita ${$}$ 3905, the improvement of economic globalization can effectively reduce the ecological footprint; when the economic development level exceeds the first threshold of per capita ${$}$ 3905, its improvement has positive effect on the ecological footprint, but the coefficient is not significant; when it exceeds the second threshold of per capita ${$}$ 8778, its improvement will increase the ecological footprint significantly. Currently, countries along "The Belt and Road" are mainly concentrated in the first and third threshold interval, and the influence of economic globalization on the ecological footprint has a polarization trend. Attention should be given to the countries in the third threshold interval in the process of globalization, which is closely related to many aspects in sustainable development of globalization and "The Belt and Road Initiative".

Key words: countries along "The Belt and Road", ecological footprint, economic globalization, dynamic panel threshold model