自然资源学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (2): 261-273.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20190204

• 资源利用与管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于资源比较优势的森林公园旅游增长方式合理性研究

黄杰龙1(), 王立群1(), 陈秋华2   

  1. 1. 北京林业大学经济管理学院,北京 100083
    2. 福建农林大学管理学院,福州 350001
  • 收稿日期:2018-07-12 修回日期:2018-12-03 出版日期:2019-02-28 发布日期:2019-02-28
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:黄杰龙(1990- ),男,福建泉州人,博士研究生,主要从事森林资源与环境经济研究。E-mail: 15501037699@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71873017);北京社会科学基金项目(15JGB044)

The rationality of the model of tourism economic growth in forest parks based on the comparative advantage of resources

HUANG Jie-long1(), WANG Li-qun1(), CHEN Qiu-hua2   

  1. 1. School of Economics and Management, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
    2. School of Management, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350001, China
  • Received:2018-07-12 Revised:2018-12-03 Online:2019-02-28 Published:2019-02-28
  • Contact: WANG Li-qun E-mail:15501037699@163.com;wlq@bjfu.edu.cn

摘要:

利用Cobb-Douglas函数对各省森林公园旅游增长方式进行判别,结合“资源比较优势”和“资源利用合理度”,重点分析旅游资源在森林公园旅游增长过程中的作用及其利用水平。研究发现:中国森林公园在旅游增长过程中,不仅存在资本投入过剩现象,也存在旅游资源利用不合理的现象,并且由于资本投入过剩直接导致部分省份的旅游资源处于不合理利用状态,表现为旅游资源“利用过度”和“利用不足”;全国有19个省份的旅游资源利用状态处于不合理状态,其中8个处于过度开发状态,以东部沿海和中部省份为主;11个处于利用不足状态,以西南和西北各省为主。旅游资源禀赋、旅游资源比较优势和旅游资源利用合理度会因各省资本投入的不同而出现不完全匹配的发展局面。

关键词: 森林公园, 旅游增长方式, 生产要素, 资源比较优势

Abstract:

To study the rationality of tourism development model in forest parks can provide important bases for improving the utilization efficiency of forest tourism resources and protecting forest resources. This article uses the Cobb-Douglas production function to determine the type of the tourism growth model in forest parks at the provincial level and analyzes the effects and utilization efficiency of tourism resources in the tourism growth process of forest parks in perspectives of the "resource comparative advantage" and "resource utilization rationality". The main findings include: (1) The average contribution rates of capital investment, labor input, tourism resource endowment and generalized technological progress in forest parks are respectively 0.5132, 0.1712, 0.0697 and 0.2457 during the period from 2004 to 2014. There are five types of "capital-related-driven tourism growth model" in 24 provincial level areas (hereafter provinces). There are four types of "generalized technological progress-related-driven growth model" in 21 provinces, mainly in the central and western regions. There are only two types of "tourism resources-related-driven growth model" in 3 provinces. (2) In the process of tourism growth in China's forest parks, there is not only a phenomenon of redundant capital investment, but also a phenomenon of insufficient utilization of tourism resources. The utilization of tourism resources in some provinces is unreasonable due to excessive capital investment, which directly leads to "over-utilization of tourism resources" and "underutilization of tourism resources". The analysis shows that tourism resources in 19 provinces have not been rationally utilized. Among them, the tourism resources in 8 provinces are over-developed, dominated by the eastern coastal and central provinces, and the tourism resources in 11 provinces are underutilized, which is mainly in the southwest and northwest regions. In addition, only the forest tourism resources in 12 provinces such as Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai can be developed and utilized reasonably. (3) There exists incomplete matchable development status among tourism resource endowment, comparative advantage of tourism resources and rational utilization of tourism resources due to the difference of capital investment in each province. The comparative advantages of tourism resources in the provinces with poor tourism resources are mostly at the intermediate level, but the state of resource utilization is mostly insufficient. The comparative advantage of tourism resources in provinces with medium tourism resources is mostly at a low level. Meanwhile, the provinces with rich tourism resources are generally those with a large amount of resources, but the state of tourism resource utilization is uncertain.

Key words: forest parks, modes of tourism growth, factors of production, comparative advantages of resources