自然资源学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (2): 250-260.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20190203

• 资源利用与管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

澜湄水资源合作机制

任俊霖1(), 彭梓倩2, 孙博文3, 李浩4   

  1. 1. 武汉纺织大学会计学院,武汉 430073
    2. 湖北工业大学经济与管理学院,武汉 430068
    3. 北京大学光华管理学院,北京 100871
    4. 长江水利委员会澜湄水资源合作中心,武汉 400310
  • 收稿日期:2018-09-09 修回日期:2018-12-10 出版日期:2019-02-28 发布日期:2019-02-28
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:任俊霖(1986- ),男,重庆涪陵人,博士,主要从事环境会计、资源经济与环境治理研究。E-mail: renjunlin2006@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    湖北省科技厅软科学项目(2018ADC098);湖北省教育厅人文社科项目(18Q065);湖北工业大学博士科研基金项目(BSQD2017056);武汉纺织大学产业经济研究中心

Research on the water resources cooperation of Lancang-Mekong Cooperation

REN Jun-lin1(), PENG Zi-qian2, SUN Bo-wen3, LI Hao4   

  1. 1. Accounting College of Wuhan Textile University, Wuhan 430200, China
    2. Hubei University of Technology School of Economics and Management, Wuhan 430068, China
    3. Guanghua School of Management, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    4. Lancang-Mekong River Cooperation Center of CWRC, Wuhan 400310, China
  • Received:2018-09-09 Revised:2018-12-10 Online:2019-02-28 Published:2019-02-28

摘要:

水资源合作是澜湄合作的五大优先方向,是各国重点打造的旗舰领域。本文分析了澜沧江—湄公河流域现有水资源合作机制的现状,梳理了澜湄水资源合作机制的框架和合作进展,并在此基础上归纳总结了澜湄水资源合作机制合作层次高、领域广、全流域参与等优势。结合澜湄水资源合作机制现阶段合作情况,提出加强水资源工作组与其他工作组沟通协调,设立专项水资源行动计划专项基金和加强澜湄水资源合作智库建设,完善和加强澜湄合作机制,发挥新型平台作用的几点建议。

关键词: 水资源合作, 澜湄合作机制, 国际河流, 澜沧江—湄公河;

Abstract:

Water resources cooperation is one of five key priority areas of the Lancang-Mekong Cooperation (LMC) and is also the flagship field that LMC members will value most. Sanya Declaration of the First Lancang-Mekong Cooperation (LMC) Leaders' Meeting agreed to enhance cooperation among LMC countries in sustainable management and utilization of water resources such as technical exchanges, capacity building, drought and flood mitigation, data and information sharing, as well as conducting joint research and analysis related to resources of the Lancang-Mekong River Basin (LMRB). The paper firstly analyzed the current situation and defects of water resources cooperation mechanisms in the LMRB. At present, cooperation mechanisms are dominated by extra-regional countries with prominent conflicts of interest, and lack the participation of upstream countries, which generally focuses on the economic fields instead of on water resources. Then, we review the frame structure and the latest advances of the Water Resources Cooperation of LMC. Several levels like Leaders' Meeting, Foreign Ministers' Meeting and Joint Working Groups on water resources were established to promote cooperation in the LMC countries. Water resources cooperation has accelerated its pace based on the above structure, and a series of significant meetings and dialogues have been held. What is more, we summarized its advantages compared to current water resources cooperation mechanisms in the LMRB. The level of the cooperation is high under the leadership of heads of state and government of the LMC countries. Meanwhile, the fields of cooperation should be deepened in an all-round way. The cooperation mechanisms are associated with the countries in the whole basin and need to be built on a solid foundation. At last, some suggestions were given to improve and reinforce water resources cooperation of LMC, including strengthening consultation and coordination between Joint Working Group on Water Resources Cooperation of LMC and other Joint Working Groups, setting up a special fund to support water resources cooperation and constructing cooperation network Think Tanks.

Key words: water resources cooperation, Lancang-Mekong Cooperation, international river, Lancang-Mekong River