自然资源学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (1): 153-167.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20190113

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闽三角城市群自然资本损失评估

范冰雄1(), 税伟1,2(), 杨海峰2, 王亚楠1, 杜勇2, 祁新华3, 张小洪4, 简小枚1, 郭平平1   

  1. 1. 福州大学环境与资源学院,福州 350116
    2. 空间数据挖掘与信息共享教育部重点实验室,福州 350116
    3. 福建师范大学地理科学学院,福州 350100
    4. 四川农业大学资源环境学院,成都 611130
  • 收稿日期:2018-06-12 修回日期:2018-10-20 出版日期:2019-01-20 发布日期:2019-01-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:范冰雄(1991- ),男,福建宁化人,硕士,主要从事环境地理学、环境科学研究。E-mail: fan563241529@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC0502905);国家重点研发计划“典型脆弱生态修复与保护研究”专项

Evaluation on natural capital loss in Southern Fujian Urban Agglomeration

Bing-xiong FAN1(), Wei SHUI1,2(), Hai-feng YANG2, Ya-nan WANG1, Yong DU2, Xin-hua QI3, Xiao-hong ZHANG4, Xiao-mei JIAN1, Ping-ping GUO1   

  1. 1. College of Environment and Resources, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350116, China
    2. Key Lab of Spatial Data Mining & Information Sharing, Ministry of Education of China, Fuzhou 350116, China;
    3. College of Geographic Sciences, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350100, China
    4. College of Environmental Sciences, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China
  • Received:2018-06-12 Revised:2018-10-20 Online:2019-01-20 Published:2019-01-20

摘要:

在快速城镇化进程中,城市群发展在促进区域经济竞争与合作的同时,也在一定程度上造成人地关系矛盾的加剧,生态系统服务水平下降。为了量化城镇化对自然资本产生的变动,揭示人类资源消耗过程对区域生态系统服务的影响机制,以快速城镇化的典型区域——闽三角城市群为例,运用能值分析方法与GIS技术,分析了2000-2015年闽三角城市群可更新资源时空演变特征,城镇化进程中生态环境价值演变规律以及土地转化过程中的自然资本损失。研究结果表明:(1)闽三角城市群可更新资源在时间上呈波动减小趋势,空间上自沿海区域向内陆区域逐渐升高;(2)高环境质量等级中城镇用地面积占比呈显著增加趋势,由0增加到10.63%,人类活动导致区域生态环境价值的损失逐渐上升;(3)城镇化过程中由于城市空间扩张,使部分自然用地与农业用地转化为城镇用地,转化过程造成的自然资本损失总量为1.27×1022 seJ,货币价值超过6.30×109元。研究有助于完善城镇化影响下的生态环境效应研究,为城市群或区域生态环境管理与修复提供决策参考。

关键词: 能值分析, GIS, 城镇化, 闽三角城市群, 自然资本

Abstract:

In the process of rapid urbanization, urban agglomeration development was promoting regional economic competition and cooperation, but also causing the intensification of contradictions between human and land, decline of ecosystem services level to a certain extent. In order to quantify the impact of urbanization on natural capital and reveal the influence mechanism of ecosystem service in human resource consumption process. In this study, Southern Fujian Urban Agglomeration (SFUA) is taken as an example, which is the typical rapidly urbanized area, emergy analysis method and GIS technology are used to analyze the spatial and temporal evolutions of renewable resources in the SFUA from 2000 to 2015, the evolution of eco-environment value and natural capital loss in the process of urbanization and land conversion. The results show that: (1) The renewable resources of SFUA presented a fluctuant decreasing trend in time, and gradually increasing trend in space; (2) The area proportion of urban land presented a significant increase trend in high environmental quality level, increased from 0 to 10.63%, the loss of regional eco-environment value caused by human activities was gradually rising; (3) Due to urbanization in the process of urban expansion, part of the natural land and agricultural land was converted to urban land, the total loss of natural capital caused by the conversion was 1.27E+22 seJ, and the currency value was more than 6.3 billion yuan. This study can help improve the research of eco-environmental effects due to urbanization, and provide decision-making reference for the urban agglomeration or regional eco-environment management and restoration.

Key words: emergy analysis, GIS, urbanization, Southern Fujian Urban Agglomeration, natural capital