自然资源学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (6): 992-1002.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20180244

• “粮食安全”专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

国外食物系统研究综述及借鉴

郭华1, 王灵恩2, *   

  1. 1. 天津市农村经济与区划研究所, 天津 300384;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2018-03-15 修回日期:2018-04-03 出版日期:2018-06-28 发布日期:2018-06-28
  • 通讯作者: 王灵恩(1987- ),男,主要从事可持续消费行为及其资源环境效应研究。E-mail: wangle@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:郭华(1983- ),女,博士,主要从事食物安全、休闲农业和都市农业方面的研究。E-mail: henanguohua@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    重点研发计划政府间国际科技创新合作重点专项(2016YFE0113100); 国家自然科学基金项目(41701620); 中国科学院重点部署项目(ZDBS-SSW-DQC)

A Review of Food System Research Abroad

GUO Hua1, WANG Ling-en2   

  1. 1. Tianjin Institute of Rural Economy and Regional Planning, Tianjin 300384, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2018-03-15 Revised:2018-04-03 Online:2018-06-28 Published:2018-06-28
  • Supported by:
    National Key Basic Research Program of China, No. 2016YFE0113100National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 41701620Key Project of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. ZDBS-SSW-DQC. ]

摘要: 食物关系到国计民生,食物的高效供给取决于食物系统的高效运转。目前国内食物系统视角的研究不足,系统梳理国外研究进展对我国食物系统研究具有积极的借鉴意义。为了更好地把握食物系统的研究脉络,论文通过对国外食物系统研究文献进行研读,在总结分析食物系统研究相关理论和方法的基础上,着重对食物系统的全球化与本地化、食物系统规划、食物系统的资源环境效应、食物安全与政策研究等问题进行了系统梳理。在借鉴国外食物系统研究的基础上,结合已有的研究基础和社会需求,提出未来我国食物系统领域的研究展望,包括开展不同尺度的食物系统实证研究、开展跨学科多领域的共同研究、食物系统定量指标体系设计问题研究、食物系统的利益相关者研究以及加强技术创新对食物系统的影响研究等。

关键词: 规划, 全球化与本地化, 食物系统, 效应评估, 政策研究

Abstract: Food is highly related to the national security and people’s livelihood. The efficient supply of food depends on the efficient operation of the whole food system. At present, domestic research on food system is rare, therefore, systematically sorting out the research progress abroad can provide a good reference for China’s food system research. In order to better grasp the research context of the food system, this paper studies foreign food system research literature by document analysis. Relevant theories, methods and main research fields of food system research are summarized and analyzed. Food system is the organic integration of economic, social, and ecological sustainable development consisting of the interaction of subsystems such as production, processing, distribution, consumption, and waste disposal based on the elements of material, capital, technology, culture, and political system. Food Footprint, GIS Analysis, Food Domain Analysis, Stakeholder Analysis, Life Cycle Theory, Elasticity Theory, Food Landscape and Scenario Analysis are the most commonly used methods in food system study. Focusing on the research content, globalization and localization of food systems, food system planning, resources and environmental effects on the food system, food safety and policy research are systematically reviewed. Based on the study of food system research abroad and existing research foundations and social needs in China, the focuses of China’s food system research are proposed, including empirical studies on food systems at different scales, interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary research, the design of quantitative index systems for food systems, the impact of technological innovation on food systems, and research on stakeholders in food systems, etc.

Key words: effect evaluation, food system, globalization and localization, planning, policy research

中图分类号: 

  • F323