自然资源学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (8): 1304-1316.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20180114

• 资源利用与管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

粤北山区相对贫困村的脱贫潜力评价及类型划分——以连州市为例

朱姝, 冯艳芬*, 王芳, 曾小洁   

  1. 广州大学地理科学学院,广州 510006
  • 收稿日期:2018-01-29 修回日期:2018-05-01 出版日期:2018-08-20 发布日期:2018-08-20
  • 通讯作者: 冯艳芬(1976- ),女,广东清远市人,博士,副教授,硕士生导师,主要研究方向为乡村地理与土地资源利用。E-mail: fyf27@163.com
  • 作者简介:朱姝(1996- ),女,四川遂宁市人,硕士研究生,专业方向为土地资源管理。E-mail: zhushulove@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金青年项目(41001048);广东省哲学社会科学“十三五”规划项目(GD16CGL03);广东省自然科学基金(2015A030313505)

Evaluation and Classification of Poverty Alleviation Potential of Relatively Poor Villages in Mountainous Areas of Northern Guangdong Province: A Case Study of Lianzhou City

ZHU Shu, FENG Yan-fen, WANG Fang, ZENG Xiao-jie   

  1. School of Geographical Science, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
  • Received:2018-01-29 Revised:2018-05-01 Online:2018-08-20 Published:2018-08-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 41001048;“The 13th Five-Year Plan” of Philosophy and Social Sciences in Guangdong, China, No. GD16CGL03;Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province, China, No. 2015A030313505

摘要: 贫困村的脱贫能力直接影响脱贫工作的成效,研究发达省份欠发达地区相对贫困村的脱贫潜力问题有助于确保我国脱贫任务的全面完成。论文以广东省欠发达地区粤北连州市为例,从村级尺度出发分析其相对贫困村的基本特征,进而构建脱贫潜力评价体系,借助层次分析法和熵权法共同确定评价因子权重,利用加权求和方法完成连州市66个相对贫困村的脱贫潜力等级评价,并利用脱贫制约因素得分划分脱贫潜力类型。结果表明:1)连州市的相对贫困村自然区位条件较差,经济基础非常薄弱,耕地资源相对匮乏,受政策约束影响较大,空间分布呈集聚型;2)脱贫潜力评价指标体系包括自然区位、资源条件、经济因素、社会保障和设施配套等5个要素层共22个因子,其中权重占比最大的是经济因素和设施配套的6个因子;3)脱贫潜力评价结果划分为5个等级,其中属于脱贫潜力中等以上的相对贫困村占65.15%,说明连州市相对贫困村的脱贫潜力总体情况较好;4)脱贫潜力类型划分中,优先脱贫型占16.67%,稳步脱贫型占28.79%,重点帮扶型占54.54%。研究结果能为地方政府制定精准的脱贫策略提供科学有效的支撑与指引。

关键词: 层次分析法, 广东省连州市, 熵权法, 脱贫类型, 脱贫潜力, 相对贫困村

Abstract: Poverty alleviation is a key to build a well-off society in an all-round way. At present, the researches on rural poverty mainly concentrate on western underdeveloped areas and poverty-stricken areas of China, while less attention has been paid to poverty in economically developed areas. The poverty alleviation ability of poor villages in economically developed areas has a direct impact on the effectiveness of poverty alleviation. The research on the potential of poverty alleviation in relatively poor villages of developed provinces is helpful in ensuring the smooth completion of the task of poverty alleviation. This paper takes Lianzhou City, a less developed city in the northern Guangdong Province as an example. Based on the analysis of the basic characteristics of 66 relatively poor villages at the village scale, an evaluation system of poverty reduction potential was built, and AHP and EVM were used to determine the weight of evaluation factors. Then, the weighted summation method was used to evaluate the poverty alleviation potential of 66 relatively poor villages in Lianzhou, and the restriction factor score of poverty alleviation was used to divide the poverty alleviation potential into different types. The results showed that: 1) The relatively poor villages in Lianzhou are clustered in space, and they generally have poor natural conditions, weak economic foundation and scarce arable land and are more influenced by policy constraints. 2) The evaluation system of poverty alleviation potential consists of 22 factors in five dimensions including natural location, resource condition, economic factor, social security and infrastructure condition, among which the six factors in economic factor and infrastructure condition take the greatest weights and they are the proportion of rural tourism, the proportion of the poverty-stricken households in the specialty cooperative, poverty head count ratio, whether there are passenger trains pass the administrative village, the proportion of broadband households and the disposable income of poor households. 3) The poverty reduction potential were divided into five grades. The result shows 65.15% of the relatively poor villages have medium above potential to get rid of poverty, which means that the relatively poor villages in Lianzhou have great potential to get rid of poverty. 4) In the classification of poverty alleviation potential, villages in the priority type account for 16.67%, in the steady type account for 28.79%, and in the key assistance type account for 54.54%. The result of the research will provide a scientific and effective guidance for the local government to work out an accurate poverty reduction strategy.

Key words: AHP, EVM, Lianzhou City of Guangdong Province, relatively poor villages, the potential of poverty alleviation, type of poverty alleviation

中图分类号: 

  • F323.8