自然资源学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (11): 1861-1871.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20171068

所属专题: 人口与城市研究

• 资源利用与管理 •    下一篇

2007—2015年中国农村居民点用地与农村人口时空耦合关系

刘继来1, 刘彦随2,3,*, 李裕瑞3, 胡银根4   

  1. 1.武汉大学资源与环境科学学院,武汉 430079;
    2.北京师范大学地理科学学部,北京 100875;
    3.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    4.华中农业大学公共管理学院,武汉 430070
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-13 出版日期:2018-11-20 发布日期:2018-11-20
  • 通讯作者: 刘彦随(1965- ),男,陕西绥德人,研究员,博士生导师,长江学者特聘教授,主要从事土地利用和城乡发展研究。E-mail: liuys@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:刘继来(1984- ),男,湖北武汉人,博士研究生,主要从事土地资源与城乡发展研究。E-mail: 289752312@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目(41471143,41671173,41801172); 国家社会科学基金重大项目(15ZDA021)

Coupling Analysis of Rural Residential Land and Rural Population in China during 2007-2015

LIU Ji-lai1, LIU Yan-sui2,3, LI Yu-rui3, HU Yin-gen4   

  1. 1.School of Resource and Environmental Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China;
    2.Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    3.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    4.College of Public Management, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
  • Received:2017-10-13 Online:2018-11-20 Published:2018-11-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 41471143, 41671173 and 41801172; Key Project of National Social Science Foundation of China, No. 15ZDA021

摘要: 系统研究中国农村居民点用地与农村人口的时空耦合关系,是优化农村土地资源配置的重要理论基础。论文利用人口统计数据与土地调查数据,基于弹性系数模型,分析了我国农村居民点用地面积与农村人口数量的时序变化特征、空间分异规律和耦合关系类型,研究主要结果如下:1)2007—2015年,全国农村居民点用地以1.94%的年均增长率快速增长,8 a间共增加257.27万hm2;2)我国农村常住人口人均居民点用地面积和农业户籍人口人均居民点用地面积分别以年均4.61%和1.98%的速度增长,两者差距以年均16.2%的速度逐年拉大;3)农村居民点用地面积与农村常住人口数量耦合类型在全国尺度上为G类(用地面积增加,人口数量减少,且前者增长率小于后者)失调发展类型,在省域尺度上都是失调发展类型,主要是G类和H类(用地面积增加,人口数量减少,且前者增长率大于后者)失调类型。农村居民点用地面积与农业户籍人口数量的耦合类型在全国尺度上为H类失调发展类型,全国93.55%的省份为失调发展类型,失调类型以A类(用地面积增加,人口数量增加,且前者增长率大于后者)和H类为主。研究结果表明:2007—2015年间,中国农村居民点用地面积与农村人口数量耦合关系呈现失调发展态势,并具有明显的空间异质性特征。论文研究结果可以为优化农村土地资源配置、促进农村人地关系协调发展提供科学依据。

关键词: 弹性系数, 居民点用地, 人地关系, 土地利用, 土地优化配置

Abstract: The spatial and temporal coupling relationship between rural residential land and population is the theoretical base for optimizing rural land resources. This paper aims to analyze the sequential variation characteristics, spatial heterogeneity rules and coupling relationship types of Chinese rural land resource and population. Demographic data and land survey data are analyzed with elastic coefficient model. The main research results include: 1) During 2007-2015, rural residential land linearly increased at an average annual rate of 1.94%, and totally increased 257.27×104 hm2. 2) Per capita residential land area of rural population and agriculture population increased at an average annual rate of 4.61% and 1.98%, respectively, and the gap between them was widen at an average annual rate of 16.2%. 3) The coupling relationship between rural residential land and rural population was type G (land area increase, population decrease and the former grows less rapidly than the latter) unbalanced development at national scale, and was type G or type H (land area increase, population decrease and the former grows faster than the latter) unbalanced development in all provinces. The coupling relationship between rural residential land and agriculture population was type H unbalanced development at national scale, and was unbalanced in 93.55% provinces. The research results indicated that the coupling relationship between rural residential land and rural population was unbalanced development in China during 2007-2015. This research could provide scientific supports for optimizing rural land resources and promoting coordinated development of rural man-land relationship.

Key words: elastic coefficient, land resource optimization, land use, man-land relationship, rural residential land

中图分类号: 

  • F301.2