自然资源学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (6): 911-926.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20170527

• “粮食安全”专栏 •    下一篇

关于新时代我国粮食安全观的思考

成升魁1, 李云云1, 2, 刘晓洁1, 王灵恩1, *, 吴良1, 鲁春霞1, 谢高地1, 刘爱民1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2017-05-29 修回日期:2018-04-21 出版日期:2018-06-28 发布日期:2018-06-28
  • 通讯作者: 王灵恩(1987- ),男,山东沂南人,助理研究员,研究方向为可持续消费。E-mail: wangle@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:成升魁(1957- ),男,陕西合阳县人,研究员,中国自然资源学会理事长,主要从事资源生态与区域发展研究。E-mail: chengsk@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划专项项目(2016YFC0503400,2016YFC0503706); 中国科学院重点部署项目(ZDBS-SSW-DQC)

Thoughts on Food Security in China in the New Period

CHENG Sheng-kui1, LI Yun-yun1, 2, LIU Xiao-jie1, WANG Ling-en1, WU Liang1, LU Chun-xia1, XIE Gao-di1, LIU Ai-min1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2017-05-29 Revised:2018-04-21 Online:2018-06-28 Published:2018-06-28
  • Supported by:
    National Key Research Program of China, No. 2016YFC0503400 and 2016YFC0503706Key Project of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. ZDBS-SSW-DQC. ]

摘要: 新时代国内外环境发生了深刻变化,对国家粮食安全战略提出了新要求。重新思考和梳理新形势下粮食安全面临的一系列新问题和新变化,不仅有助于深化对粮食安全问题的系统认知,同时对推动供给侧改革背景下农业产业升级和农村持续发展具有积极意义。目前,我国粮食安全领域陷入产量多、进口多、库存多、补贴多和浪费多的“五多怪圈”。传统农学派、经济学派和资源环境学派等不同学科对粮食安全问题的理解和观点存在较大差异,体现了粮食安全问题的复杂性。粮食安全概念从强调对粮食量的保障和供给、强调市场条件下的个人购买能力,到从基本保障提升到生活品质、强调国家对风险的抵御能力,内涵不断充实和延伸,是社会经济发展的必然选择和要求。现阶段应当从全产业、多尺度、精准化、多维度、多因素视角全方位解读粮食安全的最新内涵。面对新时代,在我国粮食出现阶段性、结构性供大于求的背景下,构建“营养、绿色、多元、开放”的新时代粮食安全观势在必行。

关键词: 粮食安全, 内涵, 新时代

Abstract: In the new period, great changes have taken place in the social and economic environment both at home and abroad, and hence new requirements have been put forward for the national food security strategy. Rethinking and resolving a series of new problems and new changes of food security under the new situation not only helps deepen the understanding of food security system, but also has positive significance to promote the upgrade of agricultural industry and rural development under the background of supply-side structural reform. At present, food security in China falls into a strange circle, which is the coexistence of excessive production, import, inventory, subsidy and waste. There are large differences in understanding and viewpoints on food security issues among different disciplines such as traditional agricultural school, economic school and resource environment school, which reflects the complexity of food security issues. In the meantime, the concept and connotation of food security, from emphasizing the amount of food basic supply to the individual purchase ability in the market, and to the quality of life and the ability to resist risks, are constantly enriched and extended. It is the inevitable choice and demand of social and economic development. Faced with a new era, under the background of the periodic and structural oversupply of grain in our country, it is imperative to build a new food security strategy of “nutrition, green, diversity, and openness” in our country on the basis of grasping the connotation and characteristics of China’s food security.

Key words: connotation, food security, new period

中图分类号: 

  • F326.11