自然资源学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (4): 696-708.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.20170197

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于投入产出分析的碳足迹研究进展

张琦峰1, 方恺1,2,*, 徐明3,4, 刘庆燕5   

  1. 1.浙江大学公共管理学院, 杭州310058;
    2.荷兰莱顿大学环境科学研究所, 南荷兰 莱顿 2333CC;
    3.美国密歇根大学自然资源与环境学院,密歇根安娜堡 48109-1041;
    4.美国密歇根大学土木与环境工程系,密歇根安娜堡 48109-2125;
    5.山西大学经济与管理学院,太原03006
  • 收稿日期:2017-03-12 修回日期:2017-07-08 出版日期:2018-04-10 发布日期:2018-04-10
  • 通讯作者: 方恺(1986- ),男,浙江杭州人,研究员,博士生导师,中国自然资源学会会员(S300001140M),主要从事资源环境管理与政策研究。E-mail: fangk@zju.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:张琦峰(1994- ),男,浙江绍兴人,硕士研究生,主要从事环境管理研究。E-mail: zhang12_21@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71704157);浙江省软科学研究计划资助项目(2017C35003);钱江人才计划(QJC1602010);浙江省高校重大人文社科项目攻关计划规划重点项目(2016GH005);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金

Review of Carbon Footprint Research Based on Input-Output Analysis

ZHANG Qi-feng1, FANG Kai1,2, XU Ming3,4, LIU Qing-yan5   

  1. 1. School of Public Affairs, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China;
    2. Institute of Environmental Sciences, Leiden University, Leiden 2333CC, The Netherlands;
    3. School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109-1041, USA;
    4. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109-2125, USA;
    5. School of Economics and Management, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
  • Received:2017-03-12 Revised:2017-07-08 Online:2018-04-10 Published:2018-04-10
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 71704157;Soft Science Research Program of Zhejiang Province, No. 2017C35003;Qianjiang Talents Project, No. QJC1602010;Provincial Major Humanities and Social Science Project in Universities, No. 2016GH005;Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities.

摘要: 随着全球变暖日益加剧,气候变化已成为人类社会面临的重大挑战。碳足迹旨在测度人类活动导致的温室气体排放水平,为世界各国制定环境与能源政策提供了强有力的技术支撑,受到学界、企业和公众的广泛关注。碳足迹核算方法主要包括清单因子法、生命周期评价和投入产出分析。论文首先阐述了这3种核算方法的基本原理,在此基础上回顾了单区域和多区域投入产出模型的发展历程,重点就投入产出分析在国际贸易、产业、消费者、区域和组织等尺度碳足迹研究中的应用进行了综述,并采用SWOT分析框架探讨了该方法面临的机遇与挑战,最后展望了其在混合核算方法、多尺度多区域投入产出模型和情景分析等方面的发展前景。

关键词: SWOT分析, 尺度, 多区域投入产出, 碳足迹, 投入产出分析

Abstract: With the intensification of global warming, climate change has been a serious challenge for human society. Carbon footprint is an up-to-date tool for measuring direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions associated with human activities. With the aim of supporting environmental and energy policy making, carbon footprint has attracted considerable attention from academia, enterprises and the public. Main methods of carbon footprint accounting include the method based on emission inventory and factors, life cycle assessment (LCA), and input-output analysis (IOA). This paper starts with an introduction to the fundamentals of the three methods and then presents a systematic review of the development of IOA methods, such as single-regional input-output (SRIO) and multi-regional input-output (MRIO) models, with a focus on its applications in carbon footprint studies at scales of international trades, industries, consumers, regions, organizations, etc. The paper also explores the opportunities and challenges of input-output-based carbon footprint in a SWOT analysis framework, and finally outlines the possible development of hybrid methods, multi-scale multi-regional input-output (MSMRIO) models and scenario analysis for carbon footprint research.

Key words: carbon footprint, input-output analysis, multi-regional input-output (MRIO), scale, SWOT analysis

中图分类号: 

  • X196