自然资源学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (11): 1905-1918.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.20160975

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基于扎根理论的杭州市梅家坞旅游城市化特征与机制

陆林1, 韩娅1, 黄剑锋1, 彭红松2, 储小乐1, 郑玉莲1   

  1. 1. 安徽师范大学国土资源与旅游学院,安徽 芜湖 241000;
    2. 南京财经大学 a. 工商管理学院, b. 旅游产业发展研究院,南京 210023
  • 收稿日期:2016-09-13 修回日期:2017-02-23 出版日期:2017-11-20 发布日期:2017-11-20
  • 作者简介:陆林(1962- ),男,安徽芜湖人,教授,博士,主要从事人文地理教学与科研工作。E-mail:llin@263.net
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41230631)

Characteristics and Mechanism of Tourism-driven Urbanization Based on Grounded Theory: A Case Study of Hangzhou Meijiawu Village

LU Lin1, HAN Ya1, HUANG Jian-feng1, PENG Hong-song2, CHU Xiao-le1, ZHENG Yu-lian1   

  1. 1. College of Territorial Resources and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, China;
    2. a. School of Business Administration, b. Tourism Industry Development Institute, Nanjing University of Finance and Economics, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2016-09-13 Revised:2017-02-23 Online:2017-11-20 Published:2017-11-20
  • Supported by:
    Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41230631

摘要: 论文选取杭州市梅家坞村为案例地,通过5次实地调研和访谈获取研究资料,运用扎根理论构建了城市近郊地区旅游城市化特征和发生机制模型。研究表明:梅家坞村旅游城市化过程特征和发生机制可抽象成土地利用变化等11个范畴及31个概念;在旅游发展驱动下,多重要素实现了综合动态变化,在不改变乡村风貌、城乡和谐的条件下,推动了新型城市化进程。论文提出并分析了旅游城市化过程特征和发生机制理论模型,认为“梅家坞现象”是旅游城市化的积极例证,是管窥中国“田园城市”的发展方向与路径。

关键词: 旅游城市化, 梅家坞村, 扎根理论

Abstract: In the background of China's new urbanization, the development of urbanization in rural areas has been paid more and more attention. How to achieve urban and rural integration, and to break the urban and rural dual system has become an urgent proposition. Tourism has been an important force for urban development and urban organic renewal. New urbanization process driven by tourism, to a certain extent, also fits the “pastoral city” concept. According to the existing literature, characteristics and mechanism of tourism urbanization process have not been studied systematically. This paper studies the characteristics of tourism urbanization and its occurrence mechanism “scene in the village”, selecting Meijiawu Village in Hangzhou as a case study. On-the-spot investigation and standardized interviews were made five times to collect research data and materials, and then the grounded theory was adopted to depict the characteristics and construct mechanism model of tourism urbanization in suburban areas. The research shows that: the characteristics and mechanism of Meijiawu Village' tourism urbanization can be abstracted into 11 categories and 31 concepts, including land use change, economic transformation, social structure change, cultural change, landscape evolution, spatial structure evolution, urban tourism carrier mechanism, urbanization driving mechanism, administrative power mechanism, individual and organizational factors and tourist destination selection factors. Tourism urbanization is an important path to the pastoral city. Driven by tourism development, multiple factors such as destination land, economy, society, culture, landscape and spatial structure realize integrated dynamic change. The characteristics of the urbanization process in Meijiawu are in line with the development of the pastoral city, and Meijiawu Village's tourism urbanization process has both urban and rural advantages. In the context of no changing the countryside's culture and keeping urban and rural harmony, the tourism urbanization in Meijiawu has promoted the process of new urbanization. Finally, this article puts forward the theory model of tourism urbanization's process characteristics and mechanism and analyzes the phenomena in Meijiawu as the positive example of tourism urbanization, which is conducive to the development of garden city in China.

Key words: grounded theory, Meijiawu Village, tourism urbanization

中图分类号: 

  • F590