自然资源学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (7): 1100-1112.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.20160755

• 资源生态 • 上一篇    下一篇

云南省生态资产与生态系统生产总值核算体系研究

白杨1, 李晖2, 王晓媛3, 江波3, 王敏5, 刘文俊1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院西双版纳热带植物园,云南 勐仑666303;
    2. 云南大学建筑与规划学院,昆明 650500;
    3. 长江水资源保护科学研究所,武汉 430051;
    4. Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, Qatar University, P.O. Box 2713, Doha, Qatar;
    5. 上海市环境科学研究院,上海 200233
  • 收稿日期:2016-07-15 修回日期:2016-12-22 出版日期:2017-08-02 发布日期:2017-08-02
  • 作者简介:白杨(1982- ),男,四川南充人,高级工程师,博士,主要从事生态系统服务与政策管理研究。E-mail: youngbcs@gmail.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41501580,51468064); 上海环科院创新基金(CX201505); 云南省应用基础研究计划面上项目(2015FB187)

Evaluating Natural Resource Assets and Gross Ecosystem Products Using Ecological Accounting System:A Case Study in Yunnan Province

BAI Yang1, LI Hui2, WANG Xiao-yuan3, Juha M. ALATALO4, JIANG Bo3, WANG Min5, LIU Wen-jun1   

  1. 1. Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, CAS, Xishuangbanna 666303, China;
    2. School of Architecture and Planning, Yunnan University, Kunming 650500, China;
    3. Changjiang Water Resources Protection Institute, Wuhan 430051, China;
    4. Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, Qatar University, P.O. Box 2713, Doha, Qatar;
    5. Shanghai Academy of Environmental Sciences, Shanghai 200233, China
  • Received:2016-07-15 Revised:2016-12-22 Online:2017-08-02 Published:2017-08-02
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 41501580 and 51468064SAES Innovation Foundation, No. CX201505Yunnan Applied Basic Research Programs, No. 2015FB187.

摘要: 生态系统作为重要的生态资产,为人类提供生态产品和服务,是人类生存和社会经济可持续发展的基础;生态系统生产总值(GEP)是生态资产提供的生态产品与服务价值总和,是生态资产的重要组成部分,也是生态资产对人类福祉的主要贡献。论文以云南省为例,分析了生态资产和GEP的内涵、关联与核算体系,评价了云南省2010年生态资产状况及其为受益者提供生态产品和服务价值的总和。评价结果显示:云南省2010年生态资产状况总体良好,林地、灌丛和草地生态系统的质量水平属于良等级;农田生态系统的质量水平差;生物多样性质量水平优。云南省2010年GEP总量为29 869.51亿元,其中,直接产品价值为4 132.69亿元,间接服务价值为25 736.81亿元。2010年GEP是当年该省国内生产总值(GDP)的4.13倍。研究结果表明,生态资产与GEP的核算,可以定量反映生态系统状况及其对区域社会经济发展的支撑作用,并为评估区域生态系统保护成效及建立生态系统可持续管理与绩效考核机制提供科学依据。

关键词: 核算, 生态系统生产总值, 生态资产, 云南省

Abstract: As one of the important ecological assets, ecosystems provide human with ecological products and services, which is the foundation of human survival and social-economic sustainable development. Gross ecosystem product (GEP) is the value of products and services provided by ecosystems, which is an important part of ecological asset. Taking Yunnan Province as a case study, we used an accounting system to analyze the connotation and relevance of ecological assets and GEP in 2010. The evaluation results showed that the condition of ecological asset was overall good in 2010. Forest, shrub and grassland were mainly of good quality level; farmland was mainly of poor quality, while biodiversity had excellent quality level. Total worth of GEP was 2 986.95 billion yuan in 2010, in which, direct products contributed 413.27 billion yuan, and indirect services value amounted to 2 573.68 billion yuan. The results showed that the ecological asset accounting system works well in reflecting the contribution of ecological asset to local social and economic development, and can be used to assess the ecological asset conditions. Thus, the ecological asset accounting system can be used in ecosystem management and governmental performance appraisal.

Key words: accounting, ecological asset, gross ecosystem product, Yunnan Province

中图分类号: 

  • X24