自然资源学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (12): 2122-2136.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.20160006

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京福高铁对旅游目的地区域空间结构的影响——以黄山市为例

穆成林1, 2, 陆林1*   

  1. 1. 安徽师范大学 a. 国土资源与旅游学院, b. 旅游发展与规划研究中心,安徽 芜湖 241002;
    2. 阜阳师范学院历史文化与旅游学院,安徽 阜阳 236037
  • 收稿日期:2016-01-04 出版日期:2016-12-20 发布日期:2016-12-20
  • 通讯作者: 陆林(1962- ),男,安徽芜湖人,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事人文地理学教学与科研工作。E-mail: llin@263.net
  • 作者简介:穆成林(1991- ),女,安徽阜阳人,硕士,主要研究方向为旅游地理与旅游规划。E-mail:mcl0986071@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41230631)

The Impact of Beijing-Fuzhou High-speed Rail on the Spatial Structure of Tourist Destination Districts

MU Cheng-lin1, 2, LU Lin1   

  1. 1. Research Center of Tourism Planning and Development, College of National Territorial Resources and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241002, China;
    2. School of Historical Culture andTourism, Fuyang Teacher’s College, Fuyang 236037, China;
  • Received:2016-01-04 Online:2016-12-20 Published:2016-12-20
  • Supported by:

    Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 41230631.

摘要:

随着高速铁路网络化发展,旅游发展新要素的介入,目的地旅游发展产生新变化。以黄山市为案例地,京福高铁开通前后为时间分割点,通过实地调研和网络检索获取旅游者空间流动轨迹及相关出行属性数据,利用Excel、SPSS、SNA、GIS和CorelDraw等方法,探析京福高铁对黄山市旅游目的地区域空间结构的影响。结果显示:1)高铁开通后,国内客源市场半径向外延伸,且高铁沿线福建、山东、北京等省市客流量出现“逆衰减”现象。2)高铁开通后,旅游目的地区域节点数量改变,空间范围扩展。整体网络流量在高铁开通前后都呈现高频节点对以区域间组合(黄山+长三角、黄山+江西省域)为主、区域内组合为辅(黄山+合肥、池州、宣城)的空间分布特征。整体网络功能发育欠完善,网络结构分层明显。高铁开通后,整体网络核心区发生改变,核心节点空间分布由集中趋向分散,核心区与边缘区联系松散,旅游辐射效应较弱。目的地区域核心节点和重要节点的程度中心性值变化较大,核心中介节点较少,核心节点结构洞水平较高,功能突出。3)高铁开通前后,黄山市旅游目的地区域空间结构呈现“板块式”的发展格局,包括黄山+长三角地区,皖南旅游区(黄山+池州、宣城)、黄山+江西省域三个板块,目的地区域整体空间结构由“单核-外围”向“双核-外围”变化,由凝聚趋向扩展,空间发展模式发生改变。探析高铁对黄山市旅游发展的影响,可为黄山市及周边地区的旅游地发展提供借鉴价值。

关键词: 黄山市, 京福高铁, 空间结构, 旅游流, 目的地区域

Abstract:

The network of high-speed rail (HSR) adds new elements to the tourism industry in China and produces new changes of tourism destinations. Taking Huangshan City as an example, using tourists flow trajectories and related travel attribute data before and after the opening of Beijing-Fuzhou HSR obtained from field research and network retrieval, the impact of Beijing-Fuzhou HSR on the spatial structure of tourist destination district in Huangshan City was analyzed. The result shows :1)After the opening of HSR, the radius of domestic tourist market extended outwardly, and the tourist flows of Fujian, Shandong, Beijing and other cities along the HSR show the “reverse decay” phenomenon. 2)After the opening of HSR, nodes of tourist destination district changed, and the spatial range tourist destination districts extended. Before and after the opening of HSR, the high-frequency node pairs on the whole network are mainly interregional nodes (such as Huangshang - Yangtze River Delta, Huangshan - Jiangxi Province), supplemented with intro-regional node pairs (such as Huangshan - Hefei, Huangshan - Chizhou, Huangshan - Xuancheng). The function of the whole network is less developed, and there is apparent stratification of the network. After the opening of HSR, the core area of whole network changed. The centralized distribution of core nodes changed to decentralized distribution, so the connection between core areas and marginal areas became loose, and the radiation effect of core area became weaker. The degree centrality values of core nodes and important nodes changed greatly, while the betweens centrality values did not change much. The structural hole levels of core nodes are high, showing the prominent function of the nodes. 3) Before and after the opening of HSR, the spatial structure of the tourist destination districts in Huangshan City has the plate pattern, including Huangshan - Yangtze River Delta plate, southern Anhui tourism area plate (Huangshan - Chizhou - Xuancheng), and Huangshan - Jiangxi plate. The spatial development mode of the destination districts gradually changed from “single core - periphery” to “dual core - periphery”, from cluster to dispersion. The research of the impact of HSR on the tourism development in Huangshan City provides a general reference for the tourism development of Huangshan City and the surrounding areas.

Key words: Beijing-Fuzhou HSR, destination district, Huangshan City, spatial structure, tourist flows

中图分类号: 

  • F592.7