自然资源学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (9): 1463-1473.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.20151196

• 资源生态 • 上一篇    下一篇

关于我国四大足迹理论研究变化的文献计量分析

孙艳芝1, 2, 沈镭1, *   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2015-11-02 修回日期:2016-01-14 出版日期:2016-09-20 发布日期:2016-09-20
  • 通讯作者: 沈镭(1964- ),男,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为资源经济与能源安全。E-mail: shenl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:孙艳芝(1989- ),女,江苏徐州人,博士研究生,中国自然资源学会会员(S300001772M),主要研究资源经济与能源安全。E-mail: sunyz.15b@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(41271547); 科学技术部国家重点研发计划(2016YFA0602802)

Bibliometric Analysis on Research Progress of Four Footprint Methodologies in China

SUN Yan-zhi1, 2, SHEN Lei1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2015-11-02 Revised:2016-01-14 Online:2016-09-20 Published:2016-09-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41271547; Research and Development Program of Ministry of Science and Technology, No.2016YFA0602802

摘要: 纵观全球,社会经济发展迅速,人类活动对生态环境可持续发展的影响不断增加。足迹理论可将这种影响定量化,为解决生态环境问题奠定基础,主要包括生态足迹、水足迹、碳足迹以及能源足迹等。论文基于文献计量分析方法,研究了我国四大足迹理论2000—2015年间的主要研究进展。研究表明:1)在我国,生态足迹理论在2000年首先出现,研究论文年均162篇,并促进水足迹和碳足迹的产生,现三者都已发展较成熟;能源足迹逐渐成为寻求经济发展与生态环境平衡的新突破口。2)各类足迹研究内容包括理论概念、方法、评估以及应用等;其中,生态足迹、碳足迹的应用指数整体高于理论指数,表明两者理论研究整体水平低于其方法技术应用水平;而水足迹、能源足迹相反。3)四类足迹具有相通性,未来应重点发展综合足迹理论,全面评估可持续发展。

关键词: 能源足迹, 生态足迹, 水足迹, 碳足迹, 文献计量分析

Abstract: The world has experienced rapid economical development and social progress, which led to the increasingly profound impact of human activities on sustainable development of ecological environment. Quantifying the impact is crucial to solve the ecological and environment problems during sustainable development. Footprint methodology is a quantitative analysis method including ecological footprint, water footprint, carbon footprint and energy footprint. It will lay the foundation for solving the problems of ecological environment. In this paper, basing on the bibliometrics analysis, we analyzed the research contents of four kinds of footprint methodologies published in CNKI during 2000-2015. Results showed that: 1) The idea of ecological footprint is the earliest in China, emerging in 2000, with 162 papers annually. It led to the production of water footprint and carbon footprint to a certain extent. Now the three methodologies all have been developed maturely, and the energy footprint has gradually become a new breakthrough in finding the balance between the economy development and ecological environment. 2) The research contents of four kinds of footprint contain the conception, method, assessment and application. The application indexes of ecological footprint and carbon footprint are higher than their theoretical indexes, indicating that ecological footprint and carbon footprint have more practical values. While the theoretical indexes of water footprint and energy footprint are higher than their application indexes. 3) There are some similarities among four types of footprints, and it will be of great significance to establish the comprehensive footprint theory to estimate sustainable development.

Key words: bibliometrics, carbon footprint, ecological footprint, energy footprint, water footprint

中图分类号: 

  • X37