自然资源学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (5): 789-799.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.20150546

• 资源生态 • 上一篇    下一篇

四川省森林生态系统对野生珍稀濒危动物的保护价值计量研究

赵海凤1, 徐明1, 2*, *   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101,中国;
    2. Department of Ecology, Evolution and Natural Resources, Rutgers University, NewBrunswick, NJ08901, USA
  • 收稿日期:2015-05-18 修回日期:2015-10-22 出版日期:2016-05-20 发布日期:2016-05-19
  • 作者简介:赵海凤(1977- ),女,辽宁省沈阳人,博士后,主要从事生态经济研究。E-mail:zhaohf@igsnrr.ac.cn *通信作者简介:徐明(1964- ),男,河南省平顶山人,研究员,博士生导师,中国科学院“百人计划”入选者(2008),主要从事气候变化与生态过程的相互关系研究。E-mail:mingxu@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    青海省2013年科技促进新农村建设计划“青海生态系统服务功能监测与价值评估”项目(2013-N-556); 四川省林业厅“2009-204四川省林业碳计量体系研究”项目

Estimating the Values of Forest Ecosystems in Conserving Rare and Endangered Animals in Sichuan Province

ZHAO Hai-feng1, XU Ming1, 2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Department of Ecology, Evolution and Natural Resources, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
  • Received:2015-05-18 Revised:2015-10-22 Online:2016-05-20 Published:2016-05-19
  • Supported by:
    Monitoring and Evaluation of Ecosystem Services in Qinghai Province, China, No.2013-N-556; Forest Carbon Monitoring and Accounting Project of the Forestry Department of Sichuan Province, No.2009-204

摘要: 论文以异地保护成本替代法计算森林生态系统对濒危野生动物的保护价值。栖息于四川省森林生境的濒危野生动物需要生存下去所必需的食物、水、居住环境等一切生存条件完全由人为提供、人为创造和维持的成本就是四川省森林生态系统保护这些野生动物的价值。论文以动物园饲养动物的基本成本作为濒危野生动物异地保护的核算依据,得到四川省森林生态系统对野生珍稀濒危动物的保护价值为15.45×108元/a。

关键词: 濒危野生动物, 森林生态系统服务价值, 生物多样性保护, 四川省, 异地保护成本替代法

Abstract: The value of ecosystems in conserving biodiversity, especially the rare and endangered animals (REAs), is an important component in the overall ecosystem values. However, directly estimating the values of ecosystem has been difficult and sometimes misleading. Thus, the current study used the costs of ex-situ conservation of the REAs to evaluate the value of forest ecosystems in protection the REAs in Sichuan Province to assist policy making in forest conservation and management. The approach is based on the alternative cost method, namely taking away the habitats provided by the forests, all the rare and endangered animals inhabited should be conserved by providing them with land, food, water, and other necessities. The costs of the ex-situ conservation represent the value of the forest ecosystems in protecting the REAs. According to the “basic” costs of individual animals in the Chengdu Zoo, we found that the total value of the forest ecosystems in protecting the REAs in Sichuan is 15.45×108 yuan in 2012.

Key words: alternative cost method, biodiversity conservation, forest ecosystem valuation, rare and endangered animals, Sichuan Province

中图分类号: 

  • X826