自然资源学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (4): 649-657.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.20150346

• 资源评价 • 上一篇    下一篇

潮白河流域1980—2013年平均水平衡特征研究

周小珍1, 3, 4, 潘兴瑶1, 2*, *, 朱永华3, 胡亚子4   

  1. 1. 北京市水科学技术研究院 北京 100048;
    2. 北京市非常规水资源开发利用与节水工程技术研究中心,北京 100048;
    3. 河海大学水文水资源学院,南京 210098;
    4. 中工武大设计研究有限公司,武汉 430040
  • 收稿日期:2015-04-03 修回日期:2015-10-15 出版日期:2016-04-28 发布日期:2016-04-28
  • 通讯作者: 潘兴瑶(1980- ),男,博士,研究方向为生态水文。 E-mail:041087@163.com
  • 作者简介:周小珍(1988- ),女,硕士,研究方向为水文水资源。E-mail:zhou7420@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然基金项目(41301019); 北京市优秀人才培养资助项目(2013D002010000001); 国家水专项(2013ZX07304-001)

Research of the Mean Annual Water Balance during 1980-2013 in Chaobai River Basin

ZHOU Xiao-zhen1, 3, 4, PAN Xing-yao1, 2, ZHU Yong-hua3, HU Ya-zi4   

  1. 1. Beijing Water Science and Technology Institute, Beijing 100048, China;
    2. Beijing Engineering Technique Research Centre for Non-conventional Water Resource Exploration and Utilization and Water Use Efficient, Beijing 100048, China;
    3. College of Hydrology and Water Resources, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China;
    4. CAMCE WHU Design & Research Co.,Ltd., Wuhan 430040, China
  • Received:2015-04-03 Revised:2015-10-15 Online:2016-04-28 Published:2016-04-28
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41301019; Project of Supporting and Cultivating the Excellent Talents in Beijing, No.2013D002010000001; Major Science and Technology Program for Water Pollution Control and Treatment, No.2013ZX07304-001

摘要:

论文采用潮河、白河流域1980—2013年间气象、水文资料,基于水热耦合模型方法,分析了潮河、白河流域水循环要素相应于不同土地覆被类型结构变化和水平衡的特征。通过对未来10 a流域下垫面状况的预估,预测了未来变化环境条件下流域径流量的变化情况。研究对预测潮白河流域水资源变化特征、确保密云水库水资源安全具有重要意义。研究结果显示:该模型在潮、白河流域适用;在现有下垫面资料的基础上,利用林地面积和草地流域下垫面参数相结合的方法,对潮河流域和白河流域未来下垫面的变化分别做出了11种预测情景,并在11种情景的基础上预测两流域的未来10 a径流变化,结果显示潮河流域的径流深在26.47~53.55 mm范围内波动,而白河流域的径流深在17.57~41.53 mm范围内变动。研究的创新点为,在对未来下垫面状况预测的基础上,利用水热耦合模型预测流域未来的可能径流状况。

关键词: 潮白河流域, 径流, 水平衡, 蒸散量

Abstract:

In order to study the responses of water balance components to different land cover characteristics in long-term average scale in Chaobai River Basin, the data of precipitation, streamflow and evaportranspiration from 1980 to 2013 were adopted to calibrate a coupled water and heat balance model. Moreover, the change of the streamflow was predicated based on the reasonable forecasting of the underlying surface in the next ten years. The results showed that the model was applicative very well in Chaohe and Baihe river basins. On the basis of the existing underlying surface information, 11 situations of the change of the underlying in the future is predicted respectively by use of both data of the forest land area and the underlying surface parameters of grass watershed. The stremflow in the future was predicated based on the 11 situations respectively. The results showed that the streamflow ranges from 26.47 mm to 53.55 mm in Chaohe River Basin and the streamflow ranges from 17.57 mm to 41.53 mm in Baihe River Basin. The innovation of this work is predicting the streamflow based on the predicting of underlying surface in the future. It is of great significance for the study of water resources and formulating the water managements.

Key words: Chaobai River Basin, evapotranspiration, streamflow, water balance

中图分类号: 

  • P333