自然资源学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (11): 1785-1797.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2015.11.001

• 资源利用与管理 •    下一篇

中老缅泰交界地区土地利用变化信息挖掘与国别对比

廖谌婳1, 2, 封志明1*, *, 李鹏1, 张景华1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院 地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2014-08-18 修回日期:2014-12-13 出版日期:2015-11-14 发布日期:2015-11-14
  • 作者简介:廖谌婳(1987- ),女,江西吉安人,博士研究生,主要从事资源开发与区域发展研究。E-mail: liaoch.12b@igsnrr.ac.cn *通信作者简介:封志明(1963- ),男,河北平山人,研究员,主要从事资源开发与区域可持续发展研究。E-mail: fengzm@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(41271117,41401625)

Information Detecting and Inter-national Comparison of Land Use Changes in the Border Region of China, Laos, Myanmar and Thailand

LIAO Chen-hua1, 2, FENG Zhi-ming1, LI Peng1, ZHANG Jing-hua1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2014-08-18 Revised:2014-12-13 Online:2015-11-14 Published:2015-11-14

摘要:

基于Landsat TM/ETM数据,从土地利用空间分布特征、时空变化规律、土地利用程度三个方面,对中老缅泰交界地区1990—2010年土地利用变化特征进行分析。研究表明:① 橡胶园、茶园为增幅最大的土地利用类型,轮歇农地、建设用地、长期性农地也有一定幅度的增加,有林地、灌木林、草地、水域有所减少。② 有林地、灌木林之间的转移及其与长期农地、轮歇农地、橡胶园之间的转移,决定着中老缅泰交界地区土地利用变化特征。中老缅泰交界地区土地利用变化本质上受到市场经济、国家政策、人口迁移、基础设施建设等因素的影响。③ 橡胶园和茶园的时空变化基本表现为面积净值增加,空间位置交换变化非常小。长期农地面积变化不大,但存在较大幅度的空间位置转变;水域、轮歇农地变化以空间位置交换为主。草地、灌木林、有林地、建设用地交换变化和净变化比例相当。④ 1990—2010年,中老缅泰交界地区土地利用程度有所增加,其中,泰国境内土地利用程度最高,老挝和缅甸境内的土地利用程度最低。2000年后中老缅泰交界地区土地利用程度增幅明显加大。其中,中国和缅甸境内土地利用程度后期增幅减小,泰国境内土地利用程度后期增幅变大,老挝境内土地利用程度实现了由前期减少到后期增加的转变。

Abstract:

With the deepening of international cooperation, the border region of China, Laos, Myanmar and Thailand has become the only multi-national geo-economic zone contacting China and ASEAN. The land use and land cover change (LUCC) in this region has become the focus of international research. The purpose of this study is to detect the spatial and temporal land use and land cover changes in the border area, and compare land use differences in the four member countries. Through interpreting the Landsat TM/ETM images of the study area in 1990, 2000 and 2010, this paper classified land use and land cover of this region in the three periods, including some dominant or special land use such as rubber plantations and slash-and-burn cultivation (shifting cultivation), and quantitatively analyzed the spatio-temporal variations and characteristics of land use change during 10-year and 20-year periods as well as mainly land use change area, spatial distribution and dominant transition types. To investigate the area proportion and position of changes, this paper further detected the general variation, net variation and exchange variation of each land use in the study area and in the four member countries respectively. Finally we analyzed the inter-national difference of land use comprehensive degree. The results showed that: 1) The area of rubber plantation and tea plantation had the largest increase during the period of 1990-2010. Meanwhile, the area of shifting cultivation, built-up lands and permanent farmlands also increased, while the area of woodland, shrub, grassland and water decreased. 2) Land use transitions between woodlands and shrubs and their transition with permanent farmlands, shifting cultivations and rubber plantations had determined the basic characteristic of land use changes in the study area. 3) The rubber plantations and tea plantations both increased. Permanent farmlands had little changes in area but changed greatly in spatial distributions. The change of water and shifting cultivations were also location changes. For grasslands, shrubs, woodlands and built-up lands, spatial location changes and area changes had roughly equivalent proportion. 4) The land use comprehensive degree in the border area of China, Laos, Myanmar and Thailand increased generally during the period from 1990 to 2010, the increase amount in the later 10 years being larger than before. Comparing the four countries, Thailand had the highest land use degree, followed by China, and Laos and Myanmar had the lowest land use degrees. The increase of land use degree in China and Myanmar became slower in the later 10 years, and became faster in Thailand in the later 10 years. The land use degree in Laos decreased in the first 10 years and then transferred to increase in the later 10 years.

中图分类号: 

  • F301.24