自然资源学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (7): 1210-1221.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2015.07.013

• 资源评价 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国地热资源特点与发展对策

周总瑛1,2, 刘世良1,2, 刘金侠1,2   

  1. 1.中国石化集团新星石油公司, 北京 100083;
    2.国家地热能源开发利用研究及应用技术推广中心, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2014-04-28 修回日期:2014-11-02 出版日期:2015-07-20 发布日期:2015-07-14
  • 作者简介:周总瑛(1966-),男,福建莆田人,博士,教授级高工,主要从事油气资源评价、地热资源评价等工作。E-mail:zhouzongying.xxsy@sinopec.com

Study on the Characteristics and Development Strategies of Geothermal Resources in China

ZHOU Zong-ying1,2, LIU Shi-liang1,2, LIU Jin-xia1,2   

  1. 1. SINOPEC Star Petroleum Company, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. National Center for Geothermal Energy Research and Application Technology Promotion, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2014-04-28 Revised:2014-11-02 Online:2015-07-20 Published:2015-07-14

摘要:

地热能是一种绿色低碳、可循环利用的可再生能源。中国地热资源丰富,以中低温资源为主,高温地热资源主要受中国地质构造特点及其在全球构造中所处部位的控制,主要集中在藏南—川西—滇西和台湾两个地区。但是,中国地热产业处在起步阶段,资源开发利用程度低,地热资源的利用绝大部分以直接利用为主,地热发电明显落后。针对中国地热资源开发利用存在的问题,提出了5 条促进地热产业发展的对策建议:建立国家级地热产业核心技术研发平台;尽快启动干热岩勘查开发利用示范工程建设;制订优惠扶持政策,推动地热产业步入快速发展轨道;积极推广地热尾水回灌技术,切实保护环境;尽快出台全国性的地热资源管理法规,以推动中国地热资源开发利用的法制化管理。

关键词: 地热资源, 地热带, 地热发电, 地热供暖, 回灌技术

Abstract:

Geothermal energy is renewable energy with the characteristics of low-carbon and recyclable. China has rich geothermal resources, mainly medium-low temperature geothermal resources. The high temperature geothermal resources, mainly constrained by the geological characteristics of China and their locations in the global geological structure, concentrate in two areas, one in southern Tibet-West Sichuan-West Yunnan, the other in Taiwan. However, the geothermal industry in China is still in the initial stage. The resource development and utilization level is quite low, mainly direct utilization, and the geothermal power generation industry is far behind. Aiming at the existing problems of development and utilization of geothermal resources in China, five suggestions are given: to establish a national platform of key technology research and development on geothermal industry; to launch the demonstration project of hot dry rock exploration and utilization as soon as possible; to formulate preferential policies to promote the rapid development of geothermal industry; to promote geothermal water recharge technology; to work out nationwide laws and regulations of geothermal resource management as soon as possible.

Key words: geothermal resources, geothermal belt, geothermal power generation, geothermal heating, recharge technology

中图分类号: 

  • TK529