自然资源学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (7): 1104-1117.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2015.07.004

• 资源经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

不同模式下农地整治前后土地利用效率的比较研究

汪文雄1, 朱欣1, 余利红2, 杨钢桥1   

  1. 1. 华中农业大学土地管理学院, 武汉 430070;
    2. 中南民族大学经济学院, 武汉 430072
  • 收稿日期:2014-06-02 修回日期:2014-11-14 出版日期:2015-07-20 发布日期:2015-07-14
  • 作者简介:汪文雄(1974-),男,湖北汉川人,副教授,博士后,主要研究农村土地整治及城乡统筹。E-mail:wwxylh2000@mail.hzau.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(71373097,71073065);国家社会科学基金(12BGL078);中央高校基金(2012ZYTS018)。

Comparative Study on Land Use Efficiency before and after Rural Land Consolidation in Different Modes

WANG Wen-xiong1, ZHU Xin1, YU Li-hong2, YANG Gang-qiao1   

  1. 1. School of Land Management, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China;
    2. School of Economics South-Central University For Nationalities, Wuhan 430074, China
  • Received:2014-06-02 Revised:2014-11-14 Online:2015-07-20 Published:2015-07-14

摘要:

论文在农户问卷调查数据的基础上,运用超效率DEA模型测算不同模式的农地整治项目区整治前后的土地利用效率以及同期未整治区土地利用效率,并采用双重差分计量模型研究了传统政府主导模式下农地整治项目区与未整治区土地利用效率的差异、农户主导模式与传统政府主导模式下农地整治项目区土地利用效率差异。研究结果表明:农地整治后,农户主导模式的农地整治项目区户均土地利用效率提高0.121 2,传统政府主导模式的农地整治项目区户均土地利用效率提高0.080 6,而同期未整治区户均土地利用效率提高0.040 1,反映出传统政府主导模式的农地整治可促进土地利用效率的提高,而农户主导模式的农地整治项目对土地利用效率的提升作用更大;农地整治对土地利用效率、农业总产值、灌溉资本投入影响显著,农户有效参与对土地利用效率、农业总产值影响显著;户主受教育程度、农业收入比例、旱涝保收耕地比例及承包地面积等对土地利用效率影响显著。据此,论文提出了相应的政策建议,为政府开展农地整治项目实施模式的创新提供决策参考。

关键词: 不同模式, 农地整治, 双重差分计量模型, 土地利用效率, 超效率DEA

Abstract:

Rural land consolidation could improve food production and farmers' income and agricultural efficiency, which is an important measure to promote the“three rural”issues concerning agriculture, countryside and farmers. In recent years, some places carried out rural land consolidation projects in farmer leading mode, which was different from the traditional governmentleading mode. However, how did these different modes affect the land use efficiency? Based on the household survey data, this paper measures the land use efficiency before and after the rural land consolidation under the two different modes, and compared with those of the unconsolidated lands during the same period using the super efficiency DEA model. Also, this paper studies the land use efficiency differences between the government leading rural land consolidated area and unconsolidated areas, and that between the farmer leading mode and government leading mode with DID. Research result shows that average household land use efficiency improved 0.1212 in farmer leading mode rural land consolidated areas and that improved 0.0806 in government leading rural land consolidated area after the consolidation, meanwhile it improved 0.0401 in unconsolidated areas during the same period. This means that rural land consolidation led by government can promote land use efficiency and that led by farmers is even more important to promote land use efficiency. Rural land consolidation significantly affected the land use efficiency, agricultural output and irrigation capital investment. Effective participation of farmers significantly affected the land use efficiency and irrigation capital investment too. Simultaneously, householder's education, the proportion of agricultural income, percentage of cultivated land that ensures stable yields despite drought or excessive rain, and the contracted land area significantly affected land use efficiency. Accordingly, this paper puts forward the following suggestions: 1) As to the traditional rural land consolidation projects led by government, government should establish mechanisms for farmers to participate in, provide guidance and support, broaden the channels and ways for farmers' participation to increase the level of farmers' participation, so as to further improve the decision-making and supervision of the project. Meanwhile, government should actively guide and promote the rural land consolidation in farmer leading mode by providing financial and policy support. 2) Combining with the industrialization of agriculture, rural land consolidation should achieve scale operation and improve land use efficiency, thereby increase farmers ' income and develop rural economics. 3) Government should support more for rural land consolidation projects in farmer leading mode, and develop an open and transparent investment mechanism, so as to improve the effect of the project by ensuring and increasing the project investment. 4) The forth suggestion is to carry out rural skills training, improve farmers ' educational level and bring up more elites in rural communities; farmer leading mode could be actively promoted where the proportion of agricultural income is higher and the average size of contracted land area is larger. It is encourage to let the farmers to consolidate the land themselves and give them compensations, which can promote land use efficiency.

Key words: rural land consolidation, super efficiency DEA, different modes, land use efficiency, DID

中图分类号: 

  • F301.2