自然资源学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (4): 696-704.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2015.04.015

• 资源评价 • 上一篇    下一篇

天山低层云水资源中冰粒子物理属性年际变化

李梦1, 金宏春3, 陈勇航1,2, 崔彩霞4, 马骁骏1, 庄雯雯1, 李嘉栋1, 马彦颖1   

  1. 1. 东华大学环境科学与工程学院, 上海201620;
    2. 上海市大气颗粒物污染防治重点实验室, 上海200433;
    3. 兰州大学大气科学学院, 兰州730000;
    4. 中国气象局乌鲁木齐沙漠气象研究所, 乌鲁木齐830002
  • 收稿日期:2014-04-01 修回日期:2014-08-09 出版日期:2015-04-20 发布日期:2015-04-16
  • 通讯作者: 陈勇航E-mail:yonghangchen@126.com E-mail:yonghangchen@126.com
  • 作者简介:李梦(1991- ),女,辽宁省盖州市人,硕士研究生,研究方向为云水资源和大气环境研究.Email:limengmeng991@gmail.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家科技支撑计划项目(2012BAC23B01);中国沙漠气象科学基金(Sqj2012002);国家自然科学基金项目(41175026);上海市大气颗粒物污染防治重点实验室开放课题.

The Inter-annual Variation of Macro and Micro Physical Properties of Ice Particles in the Lower Layer CloudWater Resources over Tianshan Mountains

LI Meng1, JIN Hong-chun3, CHEN Yong-hang1,2, CUI Cai-xia4, MA Xiao-jun1, ZHUANG Wen-wen1, LI Jia-dong1, MA Yan-ying1   

  1. 1. College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, China;
    2. Shanghai Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Particle Pollution Prevention, Shanghai 200433, China;
    3. College of Atmospheric Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China;
    4. Institute of Desert Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Urumqi 830002, China
  • Received:2014-04-01 Revised:2014-08-09 Online:2015-04-20 Published:2015-04-16

摘要:

采用2003 年1 月至2012 年12 月美国宇航局NASA 发布的CERES SSF Aqua MODISEdition 1B、2B和3A云资料,从冰水柱含量、云等效温度、云等效高度以及冰粒子等效直径4 个云物理宏微观属性考察天山低层云水资源年际变化特征.结果表明:冰水柱含量均值在32.7~92.0 g/m2之间,云等效温度均值在214.9~257.3 K之间,云等效高度均值在3.9~5.7 km之间,冰粒子等效直径均值在12.7~22.4 μm之间.冰水柱含量、云等效高度、云等效温度均呈降低的年际变化特征,冰粒子等效直径呈增加的年际变化特征.

关键词: 云水资源, 年际变化, 云等效高度, 冰水柱含量, 冰粒子等效直径, 云等效温度

Abstract:

Using the data of CERES SSF Aqua MODIS Edition 1B/2B/3A from January 2003 to December 2012 and the data of the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) of NASA's EOS, the inter-annual variation of lower layer cloud parameters, including ice water path, effective temperature, effective height and ice particle effective diameter, over the Tianshan Mountains was analyzed. The results showed that the values of ice water path, cloud effective temperature, cloud effective height and ice particle effective diameters of lower layer cloud over the Tianshan Mountains were in the range of 32.7-92.0 g/m2, 214.9-257.3 K, 3.9- 5.7 km and 12.7-22.4 μm respectively. The cloud ice water path, cloud effective temperature, cloud effective height showed decreasing trends and ice particle effective diameter showed an increasing trend.

Key words: ice water path, effective height, ice particle effective diameters, cloud water resource, effective temperature, inter-annual variation

中图分类号: 

  • P412.15