自然资源学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (4): 604-616.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2015.04.007

• 资源评价 • 上一篇    下一篇

安徽太平湖旅游地演化过程及机制

陆林1, 天娜1, 虞虎1,2,3, 朱冬芳1, 汪莹1   

  1. 1. 安徽师范大学国土资源与旅游学院旅游发展与规划研究中心, 安徽芜湖241003;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101;
    3. 中国科学院大学, 北京100049
  • 收稿日期:2014-03-10 修回日期:2014-11-19 出版日期:2015-04-20 发布日期:2015-04-16
  • 作者简介:陆林(1962-),男,安徽芜湖人,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事人文地理教学与科研工作.E-mail:llin@263.net
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41171115).

The Evolution Process and Mechanism of Taiping Lake in Anhui Province

LU Lin1, TIAN Na1, YU Hu1,2,3, ZHU Dong-fang1, WANG Ying1   

  1. 1. Research Center of Tourism Planning & Development, College of Territorial Resource and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241003, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2014-03-10 Revised:2014-11-19 Online:2015-04-20 Published:2015-04-16

摘要: 湖泊旅游逐渐成为我国湖泊资源利用的重要内容.论文探讨了湖泊旅游地发展的特点,分析了太平湖旅游地的演化过程与机制,结果表明湖泊旅游地发展具有易受干扰性、流域性和综合性的特点;基于Butler 生命周期理论,太平湖旅游地的演化过程可划分为三个阶段:①探索阶段(1970—1990 年),旅游地仅有少量的旅游者和旅游设施,湖泊生态系统处于自然状态;②参与阶段(1991—2005 年),地方政府重视旅游发展,发展观光旅游,建设旅游项目,形成了以水产养殖与旅游业相结合的湖泊资源利用模式;③发展阶段(2006 年至今),政府和外部资本推动太平湖基础设施和重大旅游项目建设,旅游人数和收入大幅增长,重点发展休闲度假旅游,向观光-休闲度假型旅游地转型,形成了旅游与城镇互动的发展格局.太平湖旅游地三个发展阶段体现了由自然发展向追求经济效益发展,再向追求综合效益发展的过程.

Abstract: Lake tourism has gradually become an important aspect of lake resources utilization in our country. This paper discusses the characteristics of life cycle in lake tourism destinations, and analyzes the evolution process and mechanism of Taiping Lake. The result shows that the life cycle of lake tourism destination has three features: being vulnerable, whole drainage involved, and social factors integrated. On the basis of Butler's life cycle theory, the evolution process of Taiping Lake can be divided into three stages: exploration stage (1970-1990), participation stage (1991-2005), and development stage (2006- now). From 1970 to 1990, Taiping Lake was in the exploration stage. There were only a few tourists and tourism facilities, and the lake ecosystem was in natural state. From 1991 to 2005, Taiping Lake entered into participation stage. In this period, the local government attached great importance to the tourism development. They developed sightseeing tourism, constructed tourism projects, so that a lake resources utilization pattern combining aquaculture and tourism was formed. From 2006 till now, Taiping Lake is in the development stage. In this period, the number of tourists and the tourism revenue has been increased dramatically, meanwhile financial support from the government and foreign investment has promoted the construction of tourism infrastructure and major tourism projects. Moreover, more attention was paid on developing recreational tourism. Taiping Lake has gradually transformed from sightseeing tourism resort to sightseeing- leisure tourism resort. It formed a pattern that the town and the tourism mutually developed. In conclusion, the three stages reveal that the tourism of Taiping Lake has experienced the transition from spontaneous development to pursuing economic benefits, and now it comes to pursuing comprehensive benefits.

中图分类号: 

  • F592.99