自然资源学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (4): 591-603.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2015.04.006

• 资源评价 • 上一篇    下一篇

发达地区乡村聚落空间重构的特征与机理研究——以苏南为例

李红波1,2, 张小林1,2, 吴启焰1,2, 王亚华1,2   

  1. 1. 南京师范大学地理科学学院, 南京210023;
    2. 江苏省地理信息资源开发与利用协同创新中心, 南京210023
  • 收稿日期:2014-03-12 修回日期:2014-05-29 出版日期:2015-04-20 发布日期:2015-04-16
  • 作者简介:李红波(1983- ),男,河南民权人,讲师,博士,主要从事城乡发展与区域方面的研究.Email:hongbo1217@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(40471037,41371172);国家社会科学基金项目(13CGL076);江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目;江苏省高校自然科学研究项目(14KJD170003);南京师范大学校人文社会科学青年科研人才培育基金(14QNPY13).

Characteristics and Mechanism of Rural Settlements Spatial Reconstruction in Developed Areas —A Case Study of Southern Jiangsu

LI Hong-bo1,2, ZHANG Xiao-lin1,2, WU Qi-yan1,2, WANG Ya-hua1,2   

  1. 1.School of Geographical Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China;
    2. Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2014-03-12 Revised:2014-05-29 Online:2015-04-20 Published:2015-04-16

摘要: 乡村重构是乡村地理学研究的新内容,乡村聚落空间重构是在城镇化背景下,乡村受到各种内外因素的共同作用,引起乡村聚落空间格局出现阶段性的转变,是乡村转型发展的过程.论文通过建构乡村聚落空间重构的测度指数和理论框架体系并以苏南地区为案例进行实证分析.研究表明:乡村聚落空间重构受乡村系统内外综合因素共同作用,城镇化、工业化、政府调控、乡村自身的更新改造和空间生产等因素不同程度地影响着乡村聚落空间重构,且不同的重构阶段,乡村聚落空间形态和作用机制存在差异,未来乡村聚落空间重构的路径应是基于多重作用力和不同作用模式基础上的、以城乡资源空间重构为导向的综合创新路径,研究有助于丰富乡村地理学的理论与实践.

Abstract: Rural settlement geography is an important field of rural geography research, and rural reconstruction is the new content of rural settlement geography research. The paper tries to enrich the theory and practice of rural geography through the concept, characteristics and mechanism of rural settlement space reconstruction. The main research conclusions are as follows: 1) The dynamic mechanism of Southern Jiangsu rural settlement space reconstruction is under the common function of different factors, such as the country self-renewal and external factors. In different stages of transformation, the spatial patterns and the mechanism of rural settlements are different. On that basis, the paper has constructed dynamic mechanism of the rural settlement space reconstruction, and clarified the dominant forces and spatial morphological characteristics in various stages. In the context of urbanization, various internal and external factors affect the rural settlement space reconstructing, causing the spatial pattern of rural settlements to change periodically. 2) Based on the transformation of different stages, the dominant force and spatial forms of settlement in the transition of Southern Jiangsu rural settlement space reconstruction formed three modes: hooked model between urban and rural areas, rural self-renewal mode and new country construction model. The connotation and space characteristics of different models are different. In the future, beautiful rural settlement space mode should be accomplished. It should be fully accommodated with natural environment which provides livable space for residents; match the agriculture and industry production which makes intensive and efficient production space; adapt to the social and economic development so as to realized the integration of urban and rural areas; be consistent with the policy regulation to obtain the fairness and justice of the rural space. 3) The path of rural settlements reconstruction is the reconstruction of urban and rural resources. The future of rural settlements should be ecological space, intensive space, co-ordinate space and justicial space. Through the research of rural settlement space reconstruction of Southern Jiangsu in transitional period, this paper may provide theoretical reference and practice for the rural development and the rural settlement spatial transformation in the rest of China.

中图分类号: 

  • K901.8