• 资源经济 •

### 高寒藏区农牧村家庭能源消费特征及影响因素——以甘南高原为例

1. 1. 兰州大学资源环境学院, 兰州730000;
2. 西北民族大学管理学院, 兰州730030
• 收稿日期:2014-04-04 修回日期:2014-08-18 出版日期:2015-04-20 发布日期:2015-04-16
• 通讯作者: 牛叔文(1955- ),男,甘肃兰州人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事生态经济、能源消费、社会发展方面的研究.Email:shuwenn@lzu.edu.cn E-mail:shuwenn@lzu.edu.cn
• 作者简介:孙永龙(1983-),男,甘肃兰州人,讲师,博士研究生,主要从事资源开发与区域可持续发展方面的研究.E-mail:syl0514@hotmail.com
• 基金资助:

国家自然科学基金资助项目(41171437).

### The Characteristics and Influencing Factors of Rural Household Energy Consumption in Alpine Tibetan Area —A Case Study of Gannan Plateau

SUN Yong-long1,2, NIU Shu-wen1, HU Yuan-yuan1, QI Jing-hui1

1. 1. College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China;
2. School of Management, Northwest University for Nationalities, Lanzhou 730030, China
• Received:2014-04-04 Revised:2014-08-18 Online:2015-04-20 Published:2015-04-16

Abstract:

Energy is the important factor to overcome poverty and achieve economic, social and human development. Based on the analysis of energy use of 357 farmers and herdsmen families in six counties on the Gannan Plateau, this article has studied the characteristic of rural household energy consumption in alpine Tibetan area, and analyzed the influencing factors by multiple stepwise regression method. The results show that: 1) The rural energy consumption mainly rely on local resources in the form of biomass energy such as animal's dung, and the per capita energy consumption is 996.05 kgce. The quantity of energy consumption is high, while the efficiency is low. The integrated thermal efficiency is only 18.77%, and the majority of farmers and herdsmen still stay in the state of basic survival requirement. 2) From pastoral, agro-pastoral, to agricultural areas, the energy consumption structure changes from uniform to multiform energies. The integrated thermal efficiency increases from 16.87% to 23.93%, and the per capita energy consumption decreases. The characteristic of spatial gradient is obvious. 3) The energy consumption pattern is the result of many factors, in which family size, family income, lifestyles, religion expenses, household appliances types, annual heating time and per capita arable land area are more significant factors. 4) Combined with the actual situation of agro- pastoral village, we proposed to implement herdsmen settlement project, increase the supply of modern energies, encourage the use of new energy facilities, promote the technology of efficiently and cleanly using biomass energy, and strengthen the awareness of energy-saving and environmental protection among farmers and herdsmen. On the premise of ensuring the basic energy needs of farmers and herdsmen, we should reduce the pressure of energy consumption as far as possible.

• S210.7