自然资源学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (3): 523-536.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2015.03.015

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

食物损失和浪费研究综述及展望

高利伟1,2, 成升魁1, 曹晓昌1,2, 张丹1, 刘晓洁1, 秦奇1,2, 刘尧1,2, 王灵恩1   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101;
    2.中国科学院大学, 北京100049
  • 收稿日期:2014-04-30 修回日期:2014-10-17 发布日期:2015-03-23
  • 通讯作者: 成升魁(1958-),男,陕西合阳人,博士,研究员,长期从事资源生态与农业区域发展研究.E-mail:chengsk@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:chengsk@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:高利伟(1981-),男,河北藁城人,博士,主要从事食物生产和消费及其资源环境效应研究.E-mail:Gaoliwei1981@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金委重点项目“城市餐饮业食物浪费的资源环境效应及可持续消费模式实证研究”(71233007).

Review of Food Loss and Waste Research and Its Prospects

GAO Li-wei1,2, CHENG Sheng-kui1, CAO Xiao-chang1,2, ZHANG Dan1, LIU Xiao-jie1, QIN Qi1,2, LIU Yao1,2, WANG Ling-en1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2014-04-30 Revised:2014-10-17 Published:2015-03-23

摘要:

近年来食物损失和浪费及其资源环境问题越来越成为全球关注的焦点,而减少食物损失和浪费也成为保障食物安全的另一条重要途径.论文结合国内外大量文献资料,综述了目前食物损失和浪费研究进展.结果显示,食物损失和浪费研究在国际上仍没有形成统一的方法论基础,研究工作仍有待进一步加强.首先,食物损失和浪费研究在全球尺度从概念界定、研究环节到研究方法尚缺乏统一的标准,不同研究结果之间难以比较;其次,经济欠发达国家和地区以及处于经济快速转型国家研究相对不足,主要集中在20 世纪70—80 年代,尤其是针对产后环节的损失研究较少,有必要进一步加强以上国家和地区的案例研究;再次,加强消费行为研究,通过改变消费者的行为来减少食物浪费,从而为政策制定者提供有效的干预手段,也是亟待加强的重要方面.在此基础上,研究展望了未来加强食物损失和浪费研究的重要性,以期综合不同途径来减少食物损失和浪费.

关键词: 食物损失, 资源环境, 食物浪费, 全球

Abstract:

There is growing global concern over food loss and waste and its impacts on resources and environmental issues, and curbing food loss and food waste is becoming another way to ensure food security. However, knowledge of food loss and waste is entirely inadequate worldwide. Here, based on a great amount of literatures and documents at home and abroad, we gave a whole review of research progress on food loss and waste on global scale and found that there is still a long way to go to reduce food loss and waste globally, however, there has been considerable researches. Firstly, it was lack of standardized theoretical framework that includes the definition of food loss and food waste, the demarcation of study segments and the research methods, which caused the difficulty to compare the previous findings. Secondly, there were few researches focusing on economic underdeveloped countries and regions, and the researches about countries in economic transformation mainly concentrated in the 70-80s of the 20th century, so there were less researches about current situation of these countries, especially food loss in postharvest segments. So it was urgent to strengthen case studies of the countries and regions above. Thirdly, reducing food waste by changing consumer behavior was also an important aspect to be strengthened, which can provide policy makers with effective interventions to curbing food waste in consumer segments. In the end, this research gave a prospect that the reduce of food loss and waste will be of great importance in the future and called for cutting down food loss and waste by different ways.

Key words: food waste, resources and environment, globe, food loss

中图分类号: 

  • X71