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### 基于农户生计的乡村能源消费模式研究——以陕南金丝峡乡村旅游地为例

1. 西北大学城市与环境学院, 西安710127
• 收稿日期:2014-07-22 修回日期:2014-11-14 发布日期:2015-03-23
• 通讯作者: 杨新军(1972-),男,陕西扶风人,教授,博士,主要从事旅游地理与计量地理研究.Email:yangxj@nwu.edu.cn E-mail:yangxj@nwu.edu.cn
• 作者简介:李鑫(1987-),女,山西太原人,硕士,主要从事旅游生态及社会-生态系统整合研究.Email:zichuan1314@163.com
• 基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目(41171127,41101555);西北大学研究生创新基金资助项目(YZZ12003).

### Research on Rural Energy Consumption Pattern Based on Farmers' Livelihood: A Case Study in Jinsixia Rural Tourist Destination

LI Xin, YANG Xin-jun, CHEN Jia, WU Wen-heng

1. College of Urban and Environment, Northwest University, Xi'an 710127, China
• Received:2014-07-22 Revised:2014-11-14 Published:2015-03-23

Abstract:

According to the sustainable livelihood theory, a research idea of “rural tourism development-farmers' livelihood changes-optimization of rural energy consumption in mountainous rural tourism destination” is established in this paper. Taking Jinsixia rural tourist destination as an example, the transformation of the livelihood, energy consumption patterns and comprehensive benefits of energy consumption are analyzed. Firstly, through household surveys and interviews, the local farmer households were divided into five types by the energy consumption-livelihood diversity model. Secondly, based on the energy consumption diversity model and benefits evaluation method, the energy consumption structures and comprehensive benefits of farmers who have different types of livelihood strategies are interpreted. Thirdly, with the method of grey correlation analysis, the study identifies the main livelihood capital factors that affect the farmers' energy consumption, and summarizes the driving mechanism of the transformation of farmers' energy consumption patterns. The results are as following: 1) Farmers' livelihood diversity level has an impact on the energy consumption diversity level, the latter will raise as the former goes up inside the non-tourism enterprises and tourism enterprises. 2) Compared with the farmers who are not engaged in tourism, the commercial energy consumption of farmers who are engaged in tourism increases significantly, which reflects the fact that the tourism causes the increase of new energy, the decrease of traditional energy consumption, and speeds the optimization and commercialization of farmers' energy consumption patterns. 3) There is a sharp distinction in energy consumption comprehensive benefits among different types of farmers, that the energy consumption comprehensive benefits of farmers who are engaged in tourism (16.96 yuan/kgce) are significantly greater than the farmers who are not engaged in tourism (13.53 yuan/kgce), which indicates that the former benefits more from the energy consumption. 4) Physical capital, human capital and financial capital are the main factors that affect the farmers' energy consumption pattern. Farmers' livelihood change which is brought by the tourism development is the important driver leading to the energy consumption transformation in rural tourism destination. To further improve the environmental policy and optimize the energy utilization, this paper puts forward the corresponding countermeasures and suggestions.

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