自然资源学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (2): 228-240.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.20141640

• 资源生态 • 上一篇    下一篇

农户家庭耕地利用的功能异质性及个体差异评价——以湖北省典型地区为实例

李海燕, 蔡银莺*, 王亚运   

  1. 华中农业大学公共管理学院,武汉 430070
  • 收稿日期:2014-12-10 出版日期:2016-02-25 发布日期:2016-02-25
  • 通讯作者: 蔡银莺(1979- ),女,汉族,广东潮州人,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为土地资源经济与管理。E-mail:caiyinying@mail.hzau.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:李海燕(1988- ),女,汉族,内蒙古赤峰人,博士研究生,主要研究方向为土地资源经济与管理。E-mail:haiyan2011@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(41371519,71573099); 中国博士后科学基金特别资助(2013T60729); 中国博士后科学基金(20110491160); 中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(2014RW013); 华中农业大学“人文社会学科优秀青年人才培养计划”; 华中农业大学博士研究生创新研究工程项目(2014bs42)

Spatial Heterogeneity and Individual Differences of Arable Land Use Functions in Peasant Household:A Case Study of Representative Area in Hubei Province

LI Hai-yan, CAI Yin-ying, WANG Ya-yun   

  1. College of Public Administration, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
  • Received:2014-12-10 Online:2016-02-25 Published:2016-02-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41371519 and 71573099; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation, No.2013T60729 and 20110491160; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, No.2014RW013; Foundation for the Talents of Humanities and Social Science by the Huazhong Agricultural University; Doctoral Independent Scientific & Technological Innovation Foundation of Huazhong Agricultural University, No.2014bs42

摘要: 以湖北省重点开发区、农产品主产区及生态功能区等典型地区为实证,利用基于熵权的TOPSIS模型对农户家庭耕地利用功能及贡献度进行评价,结合农户兼业类型与耕地资源禀赋状况分析农户耕地利用功能指标强弱及个体差异。研究表明:1)农户家庭耕地利用功能的强弱依次为:经济贡献功能>养老就业功能>选择馈赠功能>食物生产功能>生态保障功能。其中,重点开发区和生态功能区的农户尤其注重经济贡献功能,农产品主产区农户偏重养老就业功能。2)从农户兼业情况来看,纯农户和非农户重视养老就业功能,兼业农户强化经济贡献功能。建议建立耕地多功能管理体系,深化以主体功能区为导向的管理机制,转变传统单一的耕地保护模式,根据农户家庭耕地利用特征协调主体功能区经济发展目标与耕地保护管理决策的关系。

Abstract: Using Hubei Province as a case study, this paper analyzes spatial heterogeneity and farmers' individual differences with modified TOPSIS model. The results indicate that economic contribution is the most significant function of arable land use. It exceeds the functions of pension employment, present giving, food production and ecological security. Especially, in prior development area and eco-functional area, economic contribution is the most important function. Pension employment is the most significant function in main producing areas of agricultural products. In addition, full-time farmer and nonfarm household like pension employment function, while part-time farmer prefer economic function. Besides, Ⅰ-class (land scale ≤0.333 hm2), Ⅱ-class (land scale between 0.333 and 0.667 hm2), and Ⅲ-class (land scale between 0.667 and 1.333 hm2) farmers in prior development areas and Ⅰ-class, Ⅱ-class, Ⅲ-class, and Ⅴ-class (land scale >2 hm2) farmers in eco-functional areas are all concern with the economic function mostly, and Ⅰ-class, Ⅱ-class, and Ⅳ-class (land scale between 1.333 and 2 hm2) farmers in agricultural products producing areas take pension employment as the most significant one, while Ⅱ-class in agricultural products producing areas and Ⅲ-class farmers in eco-functional areas take ecological security function as the most important one. Overall, establishing multifunctional cultivated land management systems and deepening management mechanism are in favor of the conversion of traditional single agricultural mode, which would timely adjust and perfect the economic development goals in main functional areas.

中图分类号: 

  • F323.211