自然资源学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (2): 287-298.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.20141207

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应用Le Bissonnais法研究黄土丘陵区不同植被区及坡向对土壤团聚体稳定性和可蚀性的影响

李娅芸1, 刘雷1, 安韶山1, 2, *, 曾全超1, 3, 李鑫1   

  1. 1. 西北农林科技大学资源与环境学院,陕西 杨凌 712100;
    2. 中国科学院、教育部水土保持与生态环境研究中心黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室,陕西 杨凌 712100;
    3. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2014-09-15 出版日期:2016-02-25 发布日期:2016-02-25
  • 通讯作者: 安韶山(1972- ),男,博士,研究员,主要从事土壤生态学及流域生态与管理研究工作。 E-mail:shan@ms.iswc.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:李娅芸(1990- ),女,硕士研究生,主要研究方向是植物与土壤的相互作用机制。E-mail:13689259629@sina.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金面上项目(41171226); 陕西省自然科学基础研究计划(2011JM5011); 西北农林科技大学基本业务费专项(Z109021514)

Research on the Effect of Vegetation and Slope Aspect on the Stability and Erodibility of Soil Aggregate in Loess Hilly Region Based on Le Bissonnais Method

LI Ya-yun1, LIU Lei1, AN Shao-shan1, 2, ZENG Quan-chao1, 3, LI Xin3   

  1. 1. College of Resource and Environment, Northwest A & F University, Yangling 712100, China;
    2. State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on the Loess Plateau, Research Center of Soil and Water Conservation and Ecological Environment, CAS, Yangling 712100, China;
    3.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2014-09-15 Online:2016-02-25 Published:2016-02-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41171226; Natural Science Basic Research Program of Shaanxi, No.2011JM5011; Fundamental Research Funds for the Northwest A & F University, No.Z109021514

摘要: 论文通过Le Bissonnais法对黄土丘陵区森林、森林草原和草原三种植被区下的土壤团聚体分布特征、稳定性以及土壤可蚀性进行了分析研究。研究结果表明:1)在不同植被区表层土壤(0~20 cm)中,土壤的水稳性团聚体含量(R0.2)和平均重量直径(MWD)整体上表现为阳坡小于阴坡,土壤可蚀性因子K值则表现为阳坡大于阴坡,但是阴、阳坡差异均不显著;2)表层土壤的R0.2、MWD均表现为森林区>森林草原区>草原区,可蚀性因子K值则表现为草原区>森林草原区>森林区,土壤团聚体稳定性和抗侵蚀能力由高到低依次为森林区、森林草原区和草原区;3)扰动后湿润处理(WS)和快速湿润处理(FW)下的森林区与草原区土壤的稳定性和可蚀性指标差异显著,FW处理下二者差异尤为显著,而森林草原区土壤则居于前面两种土壤之间。总体来说,在黄土丘陵地带,植被区从北向南,由草原区向森林区变化过程中,土壤团聚体的稳定性和抗侵蚀性在不断提高,南部森林区的土壤团聚体稳定性比北部草原区更强,抗侵蚀能力更大。

Abstract: In this article, the distribution characteristics, stability and erodibility of soil aggregate in three zones of forest, forest-steppe and steppe on the Loess Plateau are studied with the Le Bissonnais (LB) method. The effect of vegetation and slope aspect on the characteristics and erodibility of soil aggregate is also discussed. The results show that: 1) for the surface soil (0-20 cm) in different vegetation zones, both the content of soil aggregate (R0.2) and the mean weight diameter (MWD) are less on sunny slopes than on shady slopes, while the soil erodibility factor K is a little bigger on sunny slopes than on shady slopes with no significance. This implies that both the stability and erodibility of soil aggregate are slightly higher on the shady slope than on the sunny slope in the three vegetation zones in hilly loess region, but the differences are not significant. 2) In the surface layer (0-20 cm) under different vegetation, R0.2 and MWD decrease as follows: forest > forest steppe > steppe, while soil erodibility factor K decreases in the following order: steppe> forest-steppe > forest. This suggests that the stability and anti-erosion ability of soil aggregate in the forest vegetation zone is the highest. 3) Under processes of WS (wet-stirring sieving method) and FW (fast-wetting sieving method), there are significant difference between samples in forest zone and in steppe zone in both the soil stability and the soil erodibility (R0.2, MWD, K value), especially under the process of FW. The stability and erodibility of soil in forest-steppe zone are in between. A conclusion can be drawn that in the hilly loess zone, the stability and the anti-erosion ability of soil aggregate is ever increasing from north to south. The stability and the anti-erosion ability of soil aggregate is significantly higher in the southern forest zone than in the northern steppe zone.

中图分类号: 

  • S157