自然资源学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (10): 1696-1708.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2014.10.006

• 资源生态 • 上一篇    下一篇

生计多样性对农户参与农田生态补偿政策响应状态的影响——以上海闵行区、苏州张家港市发达地区为例

李海燕, 蔡银莺   

  1. 华中农业大学公共管理学院, 武汉430070
  • 收稿日期:2013-07-03 修回日期:2014-01-13 出版日期:2014-10-20 发布日期:2014-10-20
  • 通讯作者: 蔡银莺(1979-), 女, 汉族, 广东潮州人, 博士, 副教授, 主要研究方向为土地资源经济与管理。E-mail: caiyinying@mail.hzau.edu.cn E-mail:caiyinying@mail.hzau.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:李海燕(1988-), 女, 汉族, 内蒙古赤峰人, 研究生, 主要研究方向为土地资源经济与管理。E-mail: haiyan2011@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(41371519, 40901288);中国博士后科学基金特别资助(2013T60729);中国博士后科学基金(20110491160);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(2014RW011);华中农业大学业“人文社会学科优秀青年人才培养计划”资助课题。

Livelihood Diversity and Farmer Participate in Farmland Ecological Compensation Policy Response: The Case Study of Minhang District, Shanghai and Zhangjiagang District, Suzhou

LI Hai-yan, CAI Yin-ying   

  1. College of Public Administration, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
  • Received:2013-07-03 Revised:2014-01-13 Online:2014-10-20 Published:2014-10-20

摘要:

农田生态补偿政策是采用经济手段激励农户对农田生态系统服务功能进行保育和维护,解决因市场失灵造成生态效益外溢的一种有效方式,对于改善农田生态环境、提升农地开敞空间、增加农户收益具有积极作用。论文从发达地区农户生计多样性角度入手,利用结构方程模型分析农户生计多样性对农户参与补偿政策的支持意愿、政策实施效果响应的影响。结果表明:①农户基本特征、家庭特征、生计多样性特征、村庄发展特征在5%的水平下对农户在农田生态补偿政策上的支持意愿具有正向影响;②农户基本特征、家庭特征、生计多样性特征在5%的水平下对农户在补偿政策实施效果上的响应具有正向影响,农户村庄发展特征在5%的水平下对其具有负向影响;③农户生计多样性特征是影响农户补偿政策支持意愿最主要的因素,是影响补偿政策实施效果响应的次要因素。这表明补偿政策实施后,农户生计多样性特征对于提高农户对补偿政策支持意愿与政策实施效果响应方面具有积极的作用。把握三者之间的关系有利于政府制定和完善现有农田生态补偿政策,为引导农户生计多样性发展提供参考。

关键词: 生计多样性, 结构方程模型, 农田生态补偿, 政策响应, 发达地区

Abstract:

Farmland ecological compensation is an effective economic way to motivate farmers to protect and maintain the ability of ecosystem services of farmland, which improves the externalities of ecological benefits caused by market failures. It also has a positive impact on improving environment of farmland ecosystem, expanding the open space, and increasing farmers'income. In this paper, we draw the relationship between farmers'livelihood diversity in developed areas and their participation in farmland ecological compensation policy response by the structure equation model (SEM). The results indicate that the farmers'basic features, family characteristics, livelihood diversity and regions developing level have a positive impact on farmers'supportive willingness of farmland ecological compensation policy (5% level significantly). It further gives the farmers'basic features, family characteristics and livelihood diversity characteristics generated positive influence on farmers'response of compensation policy effect, and regional developing level has a negative impact on it (5% level significantly). Finally we rank by the factors which generated more positive effect on farmers'supportive willingness and their response of ecological compensation policy. We find livelihood diversity characteristics are the dominant factor on former and the second largest factor in sequence. Overall, the livelihood diversity characteristics have a positive effect on both farmers'supportive willingness and policy response. So it is important for government to take these issues into consideration when draft an effective farmland ecological compensation policy. And those results will provide a guide for the development of farmers'livelihood diversity.

Key words: livelihood diversity, policy response, structural equation model, farmland ecological compensation, developed areas

中图分类号: 

  • F062.2