自然资源学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (9): 1598-1612.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2014.09.014

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

农户土地利用对环境压力的适应研究进展

王佳丽1, 黄贤金2, 於忠祥1   

  1. 1. 安徽农业大学经济管理学院, 合肥230036;
    2. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院, 南京210093
  • 收稿日期:2013-06-06 修回日期:2013-11-22 出版日期:2014-09-20 发布日期:2014-09-20
  • 通讯作者: 於忠祥(1959-),教授、硕士生导师,主要从事土地利用与规划、土地资源管理方面的研究。E-mail:zhongxiangyu@263.net E-mail:zhongxiangyu@263.net
  • 作者简介:王佳丽(1981-),女,皖蒙城县人,副教授、博士,主要研究方向为农户土地利用行为、土地利用与规划。E-mail:jialiwang1981@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家青年自然科学基金项目(71303006);安徽省高等学校省级优秀青年人才基金项目(2012SQRW035);安徽省国土资源厅软科学研究项目(2013003)

Progress in Household Adaptation of Land Use to Environmental Stresses

WANG Jia-li1, HUANG Xian-jin2, YU Zhong-xiang1   

  1. 1. School of Economics and Management Science, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei 230036, China;
    2. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
  • Received:2013-06-06 Revised:2013-11-22 Online:2014-09-20 Published:2014-09-20

摘要:

农户视角土地利用对环境压力的适应研究已成为气候变化和持续性科学领域的热点。 文章从适应能力决定因素识别、适应障碍和限制因素诊断、适应的生态环境后果评估三个方面综述了农户土地利用对环境压力的适应研究取得的重要进展;梳理了农户适应环境压力的研究方法:综合指数法、参与式评估法、统计和计量经济模型法、适应的共同管理模型法。基于已有研究的特征和转型适应的需要,提出了有待进一步研究的问题:①构建适应研究的理论框架,为经验研究提供理论支撑;②重视提高农户适应能力的制度政策和农户适应实践的生态环境后果评估,为持续适应提供依据;③跨多层次主体综合考察农户土地利用适应过程机理; ④基于系统论思想、多学科和跨学科知识,以及现有方法论基础,构建涉及多层次利益相关主体的农户土地利用对环境压力的适应共同管理模型,以实现适应的科学的社会治理。

关键词: 适应能力, 农户, 适应, 土地利用, 环境压力

Abstract:

Household adaptation responses of land use to environmental stresses have becomethe focus of climate change and sustainability science. This paper reviews the determinants ofhouseholds'adaptive capacity, the barriers for adaptation responses, and the assessment on ecologicaland environmental consequences of household adaptation to environmental stressors ofland utilization. The approaches of household adapting environment are presented, involvingcomposite index method, participatory rural assessment, statistic and econometric model, andadaptive co-management model. Some problems are proposed for further study in need of transformative adaptation: 1) Theoretically, building the theoretical framework of adaptation to supply theoretical support for empirical research; 2) more attention be paid to the assessment ofecological and environmental consequences of household adaptation practices and policies forimproving adaptive capacity, which providing scientific basis for sustainable adaptation; 3) toexplore the mechanism of household adaptation process of land use across multiple actors; and4) to construct adaptive co-management model of household to environmental stresses involve dmultiple actors on the basis of systematic ideas, multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary knowledge,and present methodologies for realizing the combination of qualitative and quantitative research.

Key words: adaptive capacity, household, adaptation, land use, environmental stresses

中图分类号: 

  • F301.24