自然资源学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (8): 1336-1344.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2014.08.006

• 资源生态 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国主要农产品生产的生态足迹研究

曹淑艳1, 谢高地2, 陈文辉2, 郭红1   

  1. 1. 北京石油化工学院能源与环境教研室, 北京 102617;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2013-07-22 修回日期:2013-11-19 出版日期:2014-08-20 发布日期:2014-08-20
  • 作者简介:曹淑艳(1976-),女,辽宁昌图人,副教授,博士,主要研究资源环境承载力和能源-环境政策。E-mail:caosy.04b@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所“一三五”战略科技计划项目(2012ZD007);北京市教育委员会社科计划重点项目(SZ201310017009);北京石油化工学院优秀学科带头人培育计划项目(BIPT-BPOAL-2013)

Ecological Footprint of Raw and Derived Agricultural Products

CAO Shu-yan1, XIE Gao-di2, CHEN Wen-hui2, GUO Hong1   

  1. 1. Beijing Institute of Petro-chemical Industry, Beijing 102617, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2013-07-22 Revised:2013-11-19 Online:2014-08-20 Published:2014-08-20

摘要: 生态足迹是追踪和评价人类生活生产方式对自然依赖与影响的有效工具。近年来生态足迹研究向中观产业部门与微观产品扩展,但面临着生态足迹系数匮乏的制约。研究综合运用生命周期理念、物质流分析技术与生态足迹模型,根据2010 年中国平均生产效率,核算了近80 种农产品离开生产系统时的生态足迹,并采用消费品-土地利用矩阵的形式详细地呈现其生态足迹组分信息。核算得到的农产品生态足迹系数反映了产品生产的生态效率与生态影响,为在个人、家庭、社区、组织、区域等不同尺度上核算人类生产和消费的生态足迹提供了基础参数。

Abstract: Ecological footprint (EF) analysis estimates the"load"imposed on the ecosphere by any specified human population or activity. It is already proved to be a good measure of the dependence and impact on nature of production and consumption. In recent years EF researchers have expanded their focus from macro-level accounts of the national, regional and global EF of human activities to both mesco-level EF accounts of industrial sectors and micro-level EF calculation of some defined products. But the deficiency of EF parameters has become the bottleneck. After air and water, food is the most essential resource people require to sustain ourselves. We therefore provide an EF accounts of producing key edible agricultural products with about 80 kinds of raw and processed agricultural products involved. And in the case of production, the EF of selected products represents the amount of bio-productive land required to produce the raw materials and to absorb corresponding waste, represented in global hectares per tonne of products. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) was applied with supply-chain starting from the raw material extraction and ending with the formation of the product. Thus, the EF of a defined product exclude those impact during distribution, use, maintenance and disposal. The data for the ecological footprint of raw agricultural products (primary goods) is mainly excerpted from National Agricultural Costs and Returns Compilation of 2011. Derived agricultural products are related to primary goods by demand coefficient for primary goods, which is the mass ratio of primary input required to derive per unit of product. All the data on demand coefficient are from both published yearly statistics and investigation. Based on demand coefficient for primary goods and EF of primary goods, bio- capacity needed to support the production of processed food products could be calculated. For both primary and derived agricultural goods, its EF is shown in consumption-land use matrix. Using the ecological efficiency of production provided by this study, EF could be easily estimated required to support some consumption patterns at different levels, such as individual, community, organizational and regional.

中图分类号: 

  • F062.2