自然资源学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (8): 1297-1309.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2014.08.003

• 资源经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国城镇化进程对旅游经济发展的影响

余凤龙1,2, 黄震方1, 曹芳东1, 吴丽敏1, 陶玉国1   

  1. 1. 南京师范大学地理科学学院, 南京 210023;
    2. 南通大学地理科学学院, 江苏南通 226007
  • 收稿日期:2013-08-19 修回日期:2013-11-20 出版日期:2014-08-20 发布日期:2014-08-20
  • 通讯作者: 黄震方(1963-),男,江苏扬中人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事旅游地理与旅游规划研究。E-mail:zhfh@263.net E-mail:zhfh@263.net
  • 作者简介:余凤龙(1978-),男,安徽全椒人,博士生,讲师,主要从事旅游地理与旅游规划研究。E-mail:frankid@sina.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(41271149);江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目(PAPD);江苏省普通高校研究生科研创新计划项目(KYLX_0699)

Influence of China’s Urbanization on Tourism Economic Development

YU Feng-long1,2, HUANG Zhen-fang1, CAO Fang-dong1, WU Li-min1, TAO Yu-guo1   

  1. 1. School of Geographical Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China;
    2. School of Geographical Science, Nantong University, Nantong 226007, China
  • Received:2013-08-19 Revised:2013-11-20 Online:2014-08-20 Published:2014-08-20

摘要:

论文在从理论上剖析城镇化与旅游经济发展相互作用的基础上,利用人口城镇化指数、旅游经济发展相关的时间序列数据和面板数据,实证分析了中国城镇化与旅游经济发展水平的关系以及城镇化对旅游经济增长的影响。从全国层面,1993 年到2011 年,城镇化与旅游经济发展水平存在稳定的协整关系,旅游经济发展是城镇化的单向格兰杰因果作用关系,但城镇化对旅游经济的直接推动作用并不明显;从区域层面,2000 年到2011 年,物质资本、劳动力、产业结构和市场化都是促进旅游经济增长的重要因素,城镇化通过作用于物质资本和劳动力积累、产业结构升级和市场化进程,间接地对旅游经济增长产生正的影响,促进旅游经济增长;各省年均城镇化与旅游经济水平的拟合效果较好,城镇化水平越高的地区,旅游经济越发达。研究还发现,物质资本要素对旅游经济增长的效应逐渐减弱,而劳动力、市场化、产业结构等要素对旅游经济增长的贡献日益增强,依靠市场化的改革,促进产业结构转型,加快以人为核心的新型城镇化发展,能更好地释放城镇化对旅游经济发展的潜力。

关键词: 城镇化, 经济发展, 旅游经济

Abstract:

Since the reform and opening up in 1978, China's urbanization pace has been quickened. Tourism industry has become one of the fastest-growing and largest industries. The purpose of this paper is to explore the interrelation between urbanization and tourism economy, and the influence of urbanization on tourism economic growth. Through theoretical analysis, the effects of consumption and investment are two engines, of which urbanization promotes tourism economic growth. Urbanization is mainly manifested in the population migration and industrial agglomeration, which promote the accumulation of material capital, human capital and the transformation and upgrading of industrial structure, and stimulate tourism economic development, in turn, also accelerate the urbanization level. On the basis of theoretical analysis, we employ the proportion of urban population to total population to represent urbanization using the time series data and panel data of related tourism economic development. We also construct the models to investigate the relation between urbanization and the development of tourism economy and the contribution of urbanization to China's tourism economic growth. First, from the national level, this paper employs ADF unit root tests, Engel-Granger Two-step Co-integration Model and Granger Causality Model to examine the long-term equilibrium and causeeffect relationship between urbanization and tourism economic development. The results show that there is a long-term stable co-integration between tourism economic growth and urbanization, and tourism economic growth is in the Granger causality with urbanization during the period from 1993 to 2011, but the direct effect of urbanization on tourism economic growth is not obvious. Second, from the regional level, based on the Cobb Douglas production function, we construct tourism economic growth model and influencing models of urbanization on tourism economic growth factors, the models show that the physical capital, labor, industrial structure and marketization are important factors promoting tourism economic growth from 2000 to 2011. Urbanization can accelerate the accumulation of capital and labor, upgrade industrial structure and push marketization. Urbanization has indirect positive effect on tourism economic growth. We still cannot take effectively the conduction effect of the tertiary industry between the urbanization and the development of tourism economy. The fitting results of urbanization with tourism economic growth of different regions is good, overall, the higher the level of urbanization, the more developed regional tourism economy. The study also shows the effect of physical capital elements on tourism economic growth is waning, while the effect of labor, marketization and industrial structure are gradually increasing. We can better release potential effects of new urbanization on tourism economic growth through relying on market-oriented reforms, promoting transformation of industrial structure and accelerating development of new urbanization.

Key words: tourism economy, economic development 1309, urbanization

中图分类号: 

  • F291.1