自然资源学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (7): 1136-1144.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2014.07.005

• 资源利用与管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

煤炭行业环境管理类型区划分——以内蒙古为例

耿海清   

  1. 环境保护部环境工程评估中心, 北京100012
  • 收稿日期:2013-04-23 修回日期:2013-11-06 出版日期:2014-07-20 发布日期:2014-07-20
  • 作者简介:耿海清(1974-),男,内蒙古乌兰察布市人,研究员,博士,主要从事资源经济和战略环境评价研究。E-mail:genghq@acee.org.cn
  • 基金资助:
    环境保护部环保公益性行业科研专项项目(200809072)。

Environmental Management Zonation for Coal Mining—Taking Inner Mongolia as an Example

GENG Hai-qing   

  1. Appraisal Center for Environment & Engineering, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Beijing 100012, China
  • Received:2013-04-23 Revised:2013-11-06 Online:2014-07-20 Published:2014-07-20

摘要: 我国业已开展的自然区划、部门区划、经济区划和功能区划均难以作为行业环境管理政策单元,以至于重点行业环境管理政策全国“一刀切”现象普遍存在,直接影响了政策的科学性和有效性。为实现行业环境管理政策和区域资源环境承载能力相匹配,论文提出了行业环境管理类型区的概念并在内蒙古的煤炭开发领域进行了应用。在分区过程中,针对煤炭开发的生态影响、水资源影响和土地资源影响三类主导影响,构建了与行业特点相对应的生态敏感性指数、水资源敏感性指数和土地资源敏感性指数。在此基础上,以县为基本评价单元,对内蒙古进行了三类敏感性指数的分区,进而通过指数组合,将全区共划分为4 类煤炭行业环境管理类型区;对每个类型区的煤炭资源条件、开发现状及主要资源环境制约进行了分析,并提出了相应的分区环境管理要求。

Abstract: Energy, metallurgy, building materials, chemicals and other heavy industries have been developing fast in China in recent years. Correspondingly, the resources & environmental impacts become more and more serious, so the new spatial framework as well as stricter regulations are very necessary. However, the current regionalization such as natural division, sector division, economic division and functional division can hardly be applied to policy-making for the fixed industries. Accordingly, the "one size fits all policies" widely existed in environmental management. To make the policies more suitable to regional resources & environment capacity, the concept of environmental management zones for industries has been brought forward and practiced in coal mining of Inner Mongolia. For the zonation, indices of ecological sensitivity, water resources sensitivity and arable land sensitivity are constructed. The ecological sensitivity is graded into three levels according to Analytical Hierarchy Processes and Grey Fixed Weight Clustering analysis. The water resources sensitivity is graded into three levels according to the weighted sum of sub-indices. The arable land sensitivity is defined as the ratio of arable land to the county or city and the most sensitive areas are extracted. By combining the grades of the above indices, Inner Mongolia is classified into four types of zones at the countylevel except to the forbidden exploitation areas which are represented by the main nature reserves. Based on that, the resources conditions, development status and the main environmental constraints for coal mining in each type of the zones are depicted, the recommendations for environmental management are raised.

中图分类号: 

  • X37