自然资源学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (5): 894-908.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2014.05.017

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

国外旅游地社会-生态系统恢复力研究进展与启示

王群, 陆林, 杨兴柱   

  1. 安徽师范大学国土资源与旅游学院旅游发展与规划研究中心, 安徽芜湖241002
  • 收稿日期:2013-03-11 修回日期:2013-09-03 出版日期:2014-05-20 发布日期:2014-05-20
  • 作者简介:王群(1979-),女,安徽合肥人,副教授,博士生,主要从事旅游环境研究。E-mail:junyang110771@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41201149)。

Research Progress and Enlightenment of Tourism Socio-Ecological System Resilience in Foreign Countries

WANG Qun, LU Lin, YANG Xing-zhu   

  1. Research Center of Tourism Planning and Development, College of National Territorial Resources and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241002, China
  • Received:2013-03-11 Revised:2013-09-03 Online:2014-05-20 Published:2014-05-20
  • About author:10.11849/zrzyxb.2014.05.017

摘要: 恢复力思想和方法运用于社会-生态系统,是全球可持续发展研究的一个新视角。可持续旅游是全球可持续发展的重要内容,旅游地是重要的社会-生态系统类型,从恢复力视角研究旅游地复杂性、动态性及综合性,成为旅游可持续发展研究的重要途径。论文综览国外旅游地社会-生态系统恢复力研究的大量相关文献,从研究尺度与对象、研究方法及研究内容三个方面展开综述,重点就旅游地社会-生态系统恢复力的认识、与相关概念联系、阈值、驱动因素、概念性与定量评估、适应性管理等研究内容进行了详细梳理和评述,并得出相应研究启示,提出有待于进一步研究的问题。以期为国内旅游地社会-生态系统恢复力研究和旅游地社会-生态系统建设提供借鉴和指导作用。

Abstract: Resilience thinking and method are applied to socio-ecological system, providing a fresh and useful way to explore global sustainable development. Sustainable tourism is an important part of global sustainable development and tourism destination also is an important socio-ecological system. Therefore, resilience theory can better explain the complexity, dynamic and synthesis of tourism destination. It has become an important way to study the tourism sustainable development. It is conducive to better understand the changing relationship between tourism and environment. Based on a large number of foreign studies on socioecological system resilience, this article provides an overview of the related theories and summarizes the scale, the object, the methods and the contents on resilience. Scales in these case studies include large, medium and small scales. The objects are divided into two categories, one is for different types of tourist destinations, such as protected areas, national parks, etc., and the other is the key factors and interference factors of socio-ecological system of tourism destinations, such as communities, stakeholders, and other sudden events. In research methods, currently studies use sociological survey methods, statistical methods, mathematical modeling and GIS and remote sensing, etc. In research contents, studies focused on the understanding tourism socio-ecological system, analyzing relationship between resilience and other concepts, identifying the threshold and driving factors, building the conceptual model and quantitative assessment, adaptive management, and so on. Foreign scholars currently have reached a consensus on tourism socio-ecological system. First, tourism should be included in socio-ecological system. Second, resilience thinking and methods are suitable for tourism socio-ecological system research. At the same time, there are indiscriminate use, such as resilience, sustainability, vulnerability and sensitivity, etc. Therefore, we suggest some future study for better understanding tourism socio-ecological system resilience. There are still critical questions to be solved in the future.

中图分类号: 

  • F591.99