自然资源学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (1): 177-188.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2014.01.016

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

湖泊旅游研究进展及启示

陆林1, 虞虎2,3   

  1. 1. 安徽师范大学国土资源与旅游学院旅游发展与规划研究中心, 安徽芜湖 241003;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101;
    3. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2012-09-19 修回日期:2013-04-26 出版日期:2014-01-20 发布日期:2014-01-09
  • 作者简介:陆林(1962- ),男,安徽芜湖人,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事人文地理教学与科研工作。E-mail:llin@263.net
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41171115)

Progress in Lake Tourism Research and Enlightenment

LU Lin1, YU Hu*2,3   

  1. 1. Center for Tourism and Planning Research, College of Territorial Resources and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241003, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2012-09-19 Revised:2013-04-26 Online:2014-01-20 Published:2014-01-09
  • Contact: 虞虎(1986-),男,安徽太和人,博士研究生,主要研究方向为旅游地理和旅游规划。E-mail:yuhuashd@126.com E-mail:yuhuashd@126.com

摘要: 湖泊旅游理论研究滞后于发展实践,系统性、针对性的研究不足,概念体系尚有待完善,研究框架尚未形成。论文采用文献分析法和系统归纳法,分析对比国内外湖泊旅游研究内容,展望未来研究趋势。结果表明:湖泊旅游资源评价与开发、湖泊旅游感知、湖泊旅游规划与管理、旅游者空间行为与旅游市场、湖泊旅游地演化、湖泊旅游影响是国内外湖泊旅游研究的主要内容,但研究时间、研究内容和研究方法存在较大差异,均未出现较明显的理论性和阶段性特征。从中国湖泊旅游发展及研究现状看,未来应加强新发展要素在湖泊旅游发展中的作用过程和机制研究、湖泊旅游地人地关系地域系统研究、流域尺度条件下湖泊旅游地管理研究,同时注重借鉴、吸收国际湖泊旅游发展和研究的有益经验。

关键词: 湖泊旅游感知, 旅游者空间行为与旅游市场, 湖泊旅游资源评价, 湖泊旅游规划与管理, 湖泊旅游影响

Abstract: The theoretical research of lake tourism lags behind the development of its practice, which is in lack of systematic, pertinent research. Its concept system has not been set up and perfected, and the research framework has not been formed. The paper, by adopting the methods of literature analysis and systematic induction, analyzed progress in the study about lake tourism at home and abroad. The result shows that, the foci of the study include the following topics: the resources evaluation and development of lake tourism, lake tourism perception, lake tourism planning and management, tourists' spatial behavior, tourism market, the evolution of lake tourism destinations and the influence of lake tourism. Obvious theoretical and stage characteristics have not been appeared in relevant research at home and abroad, however, there exist greater differences in research time, content and method. International study started about in the 1980s, the content focused on lake tourism perception, planning and management, tourist spatial behavior, tourist market and tourism environmental impact. The special attention was paid to lake tourist and lake tourism impact study. The research field and method are diverse. The domestic research data obtained from the 1990s, which focused on resources evaluation and development research, planning and management, some involving in tourism perception and tourist destination evolution. The key field tends to be relatively simple case analysis which takes the lakes as the background with a single research method. From the situation of lake tourism development and its study status, this paper proposes the following work of lake tourism research, namely, strengthening the functional process and mechanism research of the new development elements, enhancing the study of human-land relationship areal system in lake tourism destination under the condition of tourism development and emphasizing the research of lake tourism destination management under the condition of basin scale. Meanwhile, we should refer to and absorb the beneficial experience and achievements of international lake tourism development and research.

Key words: the resources evaluation of lake tourism, lake tourism perception, tourists' spatial behavior, tourism market, lake tourism planning and management, influence of lake tourism

中图分类号: 

  • F592.3