自然资源学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (1): 129-142.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2014.01.012

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荆江三口60a来入湖水沙变化规律及其驱动力分析

胡光伟1,3, 毛德华*1, 李正最2, 曾毅3, 冯畅1   

  1. 1. 湖南师范大学资源与环境科学学院, 长沙 410081;
    2. 湖南省水文水资源勘测局, 长沙 410007;
    3. 湖南省国土资源规划院, 长沙 410007
  • 收稿日期:2012-12-04 修回日期:2013-03-18 出版日期:2014-01-20 发布日期:2014-01-09
  • 作者简介:胡光伟(1983- ),男,河南固始人,博士研究生,主要从事湖泊水资源与水环境、水旱灾害、水土资源利用等研究。E-mail:huguangwei5188@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    2012 年湖南省研究生科研创新项目(CX2012B210);湖南省重点学科建设项目(2011001);湖南省自然科学基金重点项目(12JJ2026);湖南省教育厅重点项目(09A055);湖南省水利科技重大项目(湘财农指[2007]7号)

Characteristics and Driving Factors of Runoff and Sediment Changes Fluxes into the Dongting Lake from Three Outlets in Jingjiang River during Past 60 Years

HU Guang-wei1,3, MAO De-hua*1, LI Zheng-zui2, ZENG Yi3, FENG Chang1   

  1. 1. Resources and Environmental Science Institute, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China;
    2. Hydrology and Water Resources Survey Bureau of Hunan Province, Changsha 410007, China;
    3. Hunan Planning Institute of Land Resources, Changsha 410007, China
  • Received:2012-12-04 Revised:2013-03-18 Online:2014-01-20 Published:2014-01-09
  • Contact: 毛德华,男,博士,教授,博士生导师。E-mail:mdh408122@sohu.com E-mail:mdh408122@sohu.com

摘要: 为了掌握荆江三口入洞庭湖径流泥沙演变规律,运用Mann-Kendall 非参数检验法、小波分析以及均值差异t检验法等方法,对荆江三口(松滋口、太平口和藕池口)入洞庭湖1951—2011 年年径流量和年输沙量进行了分析,在总结三口水沙过程演变规律的基础上,探讨了荆江三口入洞庭湖径流泥沙变化规律及其影响因素。结果表明:①荆江三口径流量发生显著变化集中在1960 年代和1970 年代,而输沙量突变点发生在1950 年代,此后三口水沙演变始终表现出显著的递减趋势;②太平口和藕池口的径流量和输沙量演变周期保持一致,均为31 a 的周期变化,松滋口和宜昌站的径流量和输沙量分别具有相同的周期性,分别为16 a和33 a 的周期变化;③人为因素只是加速荆江三口分流分沙衰减趋势,但并不是致使其水沙演变发生突变的原因。

关键词: 水沙演变, M-K检验, 小波分析, 荆江三口

Abstract: In order to find out the evolution characteristics of annual runoff and sediment of the three outlets in the Jingjiang River, Mann-Kendall trend, mean difference t-test and wavelet analysis were used in this paper to systematically analyze the long time sequence of annual runoff and sediment of the three outlets (Songzikou, Taipingkou and Ouchikou) in Jingjiang River into the Dongting Lake during 1951-2011. On the basis of identifying the law of runoff and sediment process of the three outlets, this paper probed into the reasons for the variation of the annual runoff and sediment and the influencing mechanism of the Jingjiang River. The result shows: 1) The overall runoff and sediment quantity of the three outlets in Jingjiang River presented a trend of reducing. Annual runoff and sediment evolution process of the three outlets had distinct stages. The shedding sediment of the three outlets into the lake reduced, and the sediment deposition of the Dongting Lake reduced accordingly, which has a positive role to reduce lake sediment deposition. The flow mutation point of the three outlets occurred in the 1960s and the 1970s, and sediment mutation point occurred in the 1950s, since then the runoff and sediment of the three outlets had always shown a significant decreasing trend. 2) M-K trend analysis and average variance t-test indicated in terms of runoff changes: the runoff mutation point of Yichang station occurred in 1969 and 2003; the runoff mutation point of Songzikou occurred in 1969 and 1981; the runoff mutation point of Taipingkou occurred in 1962 and 1976; the runoff mutation point of Ouchikou occurred in 1963 and 1964. As for sediment changes: the sediment discharge fluctuates significantly, and has shown an extremely significant decreasing trend since 1996; the sediment discharge of the three outlets had declined significantly in the past 60 years, and the sediment mutation occurred in the 1950s. In the case of wavelet analysis: the runoff and sediment evolution of the Taipingkou and Ouchikou had the same periodicity, all being 31 years in periodic change. The runoff and sediment changes at Songzikou and Yichang stations have the same cycle respectively, being 16 years and 33 years in periodic change. 3) Human factor has accelerated reducing trend of runoff and sediment of the three outlets of the Jingjiang River, but it is not the root reason for the runoff and sediment evolution mutations.

Key words: wavelet analysis, the three outlets of Jingjiang River, runoff and sediment evolution, Mann-Kendall test

中图分类号: 

  • P333.4