自然资源学报 ›› 2013, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (10): 1765-1777.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2013.10.011

• 资源研究方法 • 上一篇    下一篇

不同尺度和数据基础的水文模型适用性评估研究——淮河流域为例

高超1,4, 刘青3,4, 苏布达2, 翟建青2, 胡春生4   

  1. 1. 安徽师范大学 江淮流域气候变化与水资源研究中心, 安徽芜湖 241000;
    2. 中国气象局国家气候中心, 北京 100081;
    3. 安徽自然灾害过程与防控研究省级实验室, 安徽芜湖 241000;
    4. 安徽师范大学 国土资源与旅游学院, 安徽芜湖 241000
  • 收稿日期:2012-10-11 修回日期:2013-05-07 出版日期:2013-10-20 发布日期:2013-10-20
  • 作者简介:高超(1978- ),男,安徽全椒人,副教授,博士,主要研究气候变化与水文水资源。E-mail:gaoqinchao1@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点基础研究发展计划(973)(2012CB955903);国家自然科学基金项目(41101035);教育部高校博士学科点专项科研基金(20113424120002,20123424110001)。

The Applicability Assessment of Hydrological Models with Different Resolution and Database in the Huaihe River Basin, China

GAO Chao1,4, LIU Qing3,4, SU Bu-da2, ZHAI Jian-qing2, HU Chun-sheng4   

  1. 1. Climate Change and Water Resource Center of Jiang-Huai Basin, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, China;
    2. National Climate Center, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing 100081, China;
    3. Anhui Key Laboratory of Natural Disaster Process and Prevention, Wuhu 241003, China;
    4. College of Territorial Resources and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, China
  • Received:2012-10-11 Revised:2013-05-07 Online:2013-10-20 Published:2013-10-20

摘要: 在淮河流域蚌埠站以上区域构建人工神经网络(ANN)、HBV-D 模型和SWIM模型等水文模型,评估不同时间、空间尺度和数据基础下水文模型的适宜性。得出:①时间尺度上三个模型对数据要求不同, ANN模型需要月尺度数据即可建立降水-径流关系且能取得较好的模拟效果,HBV-D 和SWIM模型为日尺度水文模型,需逐日降水、温度和径流量等数据,SWIM模型还需作物管理、营养盐和土壤侵蚀等数据;②空间尺度上,ANN模型适应于大尺度,HBV-D 模型适用于1×104 km2及以上流域,SWIM模型更适合于1×104 km2以下小流域降水-径流关系建立;③模拟效果分析,月尺度统计上ANN模型对水文模拟的整体效果较好,但不适合用于气候变化背景下水文水资源等研究,而有物理基础的HBV-D和SWIM模型虽模拟的纳希效率系数不及ANN模型,但在气候变化背景下仍是较好的工具。

关键词: 水文学与水资源, 水文尺度, 淮河流域, 水文模型

Abstract: In this paper,the applicability of three hydrological models, including artificial neural network (ANN) model, Hydrologiska Byråns Vattenbalansavdelning-D (HBV-D) model and Soil and Water Integrated Model (SWIM), are examined at different temporalspatial scales and databases in the Huaihe River basin which is above the Bengbu hydrological gauging station. It is found that ANN model only needs monthly data to build rainfall-runoff relationship and can obtain well simulation results, but HBV-D and SWIM models require data on daily scale such as daily precipitation, daily temperature and daily runoff. SWIM model even requires crop management data, nutrient data, soil erosion data etc. In addition, on spatial scale, the applicability of ANN model is adequate to large-scale basin, SWIM model may only be suitable for small-scale basin with an area of less than 10000 km2, and HBV-D model can apply to a basin of about 10000 km2. Furthermore, according to simulation results, ANN model can get better result for overall hydrological simulation, but it is not suitable for the hydrological and water resources research under climate change. Although their Nash-Sutcliffe coefficients are less than ANN model, the physically based distributed hydrological model, HBV-D model and the SWIM model are good tools to study impacts of climate change, which is significantly controlled by model structure.

Key words: hydrology and water resources, hydrological model, the Huaihe River Basin, hydrological scale

中图分类号: 

  • P333.9