自然资源学报 ›› 2013, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (10): 1664-1673.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2013.10.002

• 资源利用与管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国碳排放增长的驱动因素及贡献度分析

郝珍珍1, 李健1,2   

  1. 1. 天津大学管理与经济学部, 天津 300072;
    2. 天津理工大学管理学院, 天津 300384
  • 收稿日期:2012-07-19 修回日期:2013-02-03 出版日期:2013-10-20 发布日期:2013-10-20
  • 作者简介:郝珍珍(1983- ),女,山东潍坊人,博士研究生,主要研究能源环境经济。E-mail:tju_zhen@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    2011年度教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目(11YJA630046);国家社会科学基金项目(08BJY004);天津市经济与信息化委员会项目(2010-KT-009(2))。

Analysis of China’s Carbon Emission Growth:Drive Factors and Its Contribution

HAO Zhen-zhen1, LI Jian1,2   

  1. 1. Department of Management and Economy, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China;
    2. School of Management, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384, China
  • Received:2012-07-19 Revised:2013-02-03 Online:2013-10-20 Published:2013-10-20
  • Contact: 李健(1963- ),男,河北河间人,教授,博士,主要研究循环经济与生态工业工程。

摘要: 结合我国实际,对Kaya 等式进行扩展,引入经济效应影响因子、能源强度影响因子、行业贡献影响因子和碳排放强度影响因子,构建了行业CO2排放增长驱动力模型。论文应用该模型测算和分析了1990 年至2010 年我国6 个经济部门CO2排放的驱动因素。结果显示:①1990—2010 年,影响我国各行业CO2排放的正向驱动因素主要是经济效应,负向驱动因素主要是能源强度效应和碳排放强度效应;②碳减排政策的制定要权衡经济发展和碳减排的政策协同;③1997—2000 年和2005—2010 年CO2排放量减少或增速减缓的主要驱动力是能源强度效应和行业贡献效应;④基于国情,产业结构调整在短时间内对CO2减排效力不大,而是一个长期的减排战略。

关键词: CO2排放, 环境经济, 行业分解分析

Abstract: Abstract:Kaya Identity is extended by adding several variables based on China's actual situation, such as economic efficiency factor, energy efficiency factor, sector contribution factor and carbon intensity factor. A model of drive factor for carbon emission growth (DFMCE) is proposed in this paper. The model of DFMCE is used to analyze the drive factors of CO2 emissions in different sectors in China. Four stages are divided in this paper, which is Steady Growth Stage, Slow Decrease Stage, Rapid Growth Stage, and Slow Growth Stage. The drive factor for CO2 emissions of several sectors in China are analyzed and calculated in four stages during 1990-2010 by DFMCE. The result shows that: 1) Economic effect factor is the major positive factor for the growth of CO2 emissions in each sector during 1990-2010, meanwhile energy efficiency factor and carbon intensity factor are the major negative factors. 2) There is a strong relationship between CO2 emissions and economic development. The CO2 emissions reduced rapidly which will affect the level of economic development and the living standards of the people. The balance of CO2 emissions and economic development should be considered when policies are made. 3) Energy efficiency factor and industrial structure factor are the major drive for CO2 emission reduction or slowdown in Slow Decrease Stage and Slow Growth Stage. 4) The adjustment of industrial structure does not demonstrate the validity of CO2 emission reduction in the short term according to the actual situation, but the long term is.

Key words: CO2 emission, environment economy, sector decomposition analysis

中图分类号: 

  • X502